Objective To explore the development and interactive correlations between boredom proneness, smoking and drinking behavior.
Methods A total of 416 adolescents from one senior high school and one college in the Inner Monggol Autonomous Region were recruited to complete the short-version boredom proneness scale, as well as smoking and drinking behavior scale at baseline and in the 12 month follow-up.
Results There were significant and positive correlation between boredom proneness and smoking and drinking behavior at both cross sectional levels (T1 r = 0.30, 0.34, T2 r = 0.24, 0.45, P<0.01). Significant autoregressive coefficients were observed for boredom proneness, smoking and drinking behavior in adolescents ( β = 0.53, 0.61, 0.45, P< 0.01). Moreover, the cross-lagged analyses revealed that the relationship between bordom proneness and smoking behavior was unilaterally influencing ( β = 0.12, P<0.01; β = 0.03, P>0.05), the relationship between bordom proneness and drinking behavior was bidirectional over the 12 months ( β = 0. 21, 0.09, P<0.05).
Conclusion Boredom proneness of adolescents is closely related to smoking and drinking behavior, boredom proneness can positively predict smoking and drinking behavior, and drinking behavior can positively predict boredom proneness.
【摘要】 目的 了解青少年无聊倾向与吸烟、饮酒行为的发展变化及相互关系, 为后续研究及干预提供研究资料。 方法 采用单维短式无聊倾向量表、吸烟和饮酒行为量表, 对方便抽取的内蒙古自治区 1 所髙中和 1 所大学的 416 名学生进行间 隔 12 个月的两阶段追踪调査。 结果 无聊倾向与吸烟、饮酒行为在两阶段的测量中均呈正相关 (第 1 次测量 r 值分别为 0.30, 0.34; 第 2 次测量 r 值分别为 0.24, 0.45, P 值均<0.01); 无聊倾向和吸烟、饮酒行为的自回归路径系数均有统计学意义 ( β 值分别为 0.53, 0.61, 0.45, P 值均<0.01); 无聊倾向能够预测 12 个月后的吸烟行为 (β = 0.12, P<0.01), 而吸烟行为不能 预测 12 个月后的无聊倾向 ( β = 0.03, P>0.05); 无聊倾向能够预测 12 个月后的饮酒行为 ( β = 0.21, P<0.01), 且饮酒行为能 够预测12个月后的无聊倾向 ( β = 0.09, P<0.05)。 结论 青少年无聊倾向与吸烟、饮酒行为关系密切, 无聊倾向能正向预 测吸烟和饮酒行为, 且饮酒行为能正向预测无聊倾向。