03 August 2000
Paired filtration dialysis is a modified form of hemodiafiltration with a double-chamber hollow fiber. Convection is separated from diffusion, eliminating the potential risk of backfiltration (which can contain endotoxin or cytokine-inducing substances).The regeneration of high volumes of plasma ultrafiltrate obtained in the first filter allows a large plasma volume to be treated, and at the same time enables the return of many beneficial substances such as hormones, small peptides and many vitamins. Ultrafiltrate is regenerated with a charcoal-resin device and reinfused to the patient. Hemodiafiltration with on-line endogenous reinfusion is an easy and safe procedure. In addition, the method avoids risks associated with exogenous fluid infusion (endotoxin, pyrogens), allows exchange at no extra costs of large volumes of fluids and reduction in storage of fluid bags. Clinical advantages also include infusion of physiological fluid containing bicarbonate and calcium, good clinical tolerance and cardiovascular stability.