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      Physical health analysis among preschool children aged 3–6 years in Jiangsu Province

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the current situation of physical health of children aged 3–6 years in Jiangsu Province, and to provide reliable basis and reference for the theoretical and practical work of children’s physical health promotion.

          Methods According to “National Physical Fitness Evaluation Standard Handbook (Children’s Part)”, the body shape and physical fitness indexes of 5 951 children in Jiangsu Province were measured and analyzed.

          Results Overall proportion of standard physical constitution among children aged 3–6 in Jiangsu Province was 79.8%, which was lower than the national average level in 2020 (94.4%). Among them, the excellent rate, good rate and compliance rate of boys in comprehensive evaluation were higher (4.3%, 15.7%, 80.3%) than those of girls (3.6%, 15.3%, 79.2%); The height and weight of children were generally higher than the national level in 2020; The strength and explosive power of children’s lower limbs was lower than the national level in 2020 ( t = 11.56, P<0.01); The flexibility and physical balance of older children in Jiangsu Province were relatively good.

          Conclusion The physical fitness level of 3–6-year-old children in Jiangsu Province has increased steadily, especially physical flexibility and physical balance ability However the related qualities such as lower limb strength, explosive power and coordination need to be paid attention to and improved. It highlights the importance of monitoring, management and promotion of children’s physical fitness.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解江苏省 3~6 岁幼儿体质健康现状, 为幼儿体质健康促进的理论与实践工作提供依据和参考。 方法 依据《国民体质测定标准手册(幼儿部分)》中规定的方法和标准, 对随机整群抽取的江苏省 5 951 名 3~6 岁幼儿的身体形 态与身体素质指标进行测量与分析。 结果 江苏省幼儿体质综合评价总体合格率为 79.8%, 低于 2020 年全国平均水平 (94.4%), 其中男童综合评价的优秀率(4.3%)、良好率 (15.7%) 和达标率 (80.3%) 髙于女童 (3.6%, 15.3%, 79.2%); 幼儿身 髙、体重指标普遍髙于 2020 年全国水平; 各年龄组幼儿协调性低于全国水平 ( t =11.56, P<0.01); 江苏省 5~6 岁幼儿的柔 韧性和身体平衡能力等方面素质相对较好。 结论 江苏省 3~6 岁幼儿体质健康水平稳步增长, 其中身体柔韧性和身体平 衡能力发展较好, 但下肢力量和爆发力、协调性等相关素质有待提髙。建议科学推进幼儿体质监测、管理及其后续干预促 进等工作。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2022
          01 September 2022
          : 43
          : 9
          : 1372-1375
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Physical Education, Lianyungang Normal College, Lianyungang (222006), Jiangsu Province, China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.09.022
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.09.022
          f449cf25-626b-4006-90ec-e8b17937aba4
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Growth and development,Child, preschool,Body constitution,Health status

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