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      Accuracy of linear measurements on CBCT images related to presurgical implant treatment planning: A systematic review

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          Most cited references 84

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          Artifacts in CT: recognition and avoidance.

          Artifacts can seriously degrade the quality of computed tomographic (CT) images, sometimes to the point of making them diagnostically unusable. To optimize image quality, it is necessary to understand why artifacts occur and how they can be prevented or suppressed. CT artifacts originate from a range of sources. Physics-based artifacts result from the physical processes involved in the acquisition of CT data. Patient-based artifacts are caused by such factors as patient movement or the presence of metallic materials in or on the patient. Scanner-based artifacts result from imperfections in scanner function. Helical and multisection technique artifacts are produced by the image reconstruction process. Design features incorporated into modern CT scanners minimize some types of artifacts, and some can be partially corrected by the scanner software. However, in many instances, careful patient positioning and optimum selection of scanning parameters are the most important factors in avoiding CT artifacts. (c) RSNA, 2004.
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            What is cone-beam CT and how does it work?

            This article on x-ray cone-beam CT (CBCT) acquisition provides an overview of the fundamental principles of operation of this technology and the influence of geometric and software parameters on image quality and patient radiation dose. Advantages of the CBCT system and a summary of the uses and limitations of the images produced are discussed. All current generations of CBCT systems provide useful diagnostic images. Future enhancements most likely will be directed toward reducing scan time; providing multimodal imaging; improving image fidelity, including soft tissue contrast; and incorporating task-specific protocols to minimize patient dose.
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              Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging of the oral and maxillofacial region: a systematic review of the literature.

              This study reviewed the literature on cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging of the oral and maxillofacial (OMF) region. A PUBMED search (National Library of Medicine, NCBI; revised 1 December 2007) from 1998 to December 2007 was conducted. This search revealed 375 papers, which were screened in detail. 176 papers were clinically relevant and were analyzed in detail. CBCT is used in OMF surgery and orthodontics for numerous clinical applications, particularly for its low cost, easy accessibility and low radiation compared with multi-slice computerized tomography. The results of this systematic review show that there is a lack of evidence-based data on the radiation dose for CBCT imaging. Terminology and technical device properties and settings were not consistent in the literature. An attempt was made to provide a minimal set of CBCT device-related parameters for dedicated OMF scanners as a guideline for future studies.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clinical Oral Implants Research
                Clin Oral Impl Res
                Wiley
                09057161
                October 2018
                October 2018
                October 17 2018
                : 29
                : 393-415
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Oral Rehabilitation; Faculty of Dentistry; The University of Hong Kong; Hong Kong SAR China
                [2 ]Vida M. Vaughn; Kornhauser Health Science Library; University of Louisville; Louisville Kentucky
                [3 ]Radiology and Imaging Science; Department of Surgical/Hospital Dentistry; University of Louisville School of Dentistry; Louisville Kentucky
                [4 ]Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology; Applied Oral Sciences; Faculty of Dentistry; The University of Hong Kong; Hong Kong SAR China
                Article
                10.1111/clr.13142
                © 2018

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