Adult worm antigen (AWA) and soluble egg antigen (SEA) were localized ultrastructurally by immunoelectron microscopy using two monoclonal antibodies in the glomeruli of hamsters infected with Schistosoma mansoni cercariae or injected with S. mansoni eggs. AWA was detected in all cercaria-infected groups from the 30th day on and was present mainly in cytoplasm of mesangial cells, mesangial matrix, and glomerular basement membrane, either as isolated gold particles or in small electron-dense deposits of probable immune origin. AWA was encountered also on the inner side of the glomerular basal membrane, close to endothelial cells, and in the foot processes of the glomerular epithelial cells. SEA was detected at similar sites, apparently in lesser amounts, in uninfected hamsters inoculated with S. mansoni eggs into the jugular vein. Schistosomal antigens are apparently processed mainly by mesangial cells which are considered to be critical in the pathogenesis of S. mansoni associated glomerulopathy. Mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, immunoglobulin (IgG and IgM), and C<sub>3</sub> deposits were observed in hamsters in which AWA and SEA were visualized. During early phases of the infection and in hamsters in which granulomatous pneumonitis was induced by S. mansoni eggs, glomeruli were unchanged or showed a slight mesangial proliferation. Our findings suggests that egg antigens also contribute to the pathogenesis of experimental glomerulopathy in the hamster.