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      A key to the flat grass scale genus Nipponaclerda (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha, Aclerdidae)

      research-article
      1 ,
      ZooKeys
      Pensoft Publishers
      Identification, invasive species, Louisiana, pest, scale insect, Phragmitesaustralis

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          Abstract

          The flat grass scale genus Nipponaclerda comprises four species, native to Central and East Asia. Nipponaclerda biwakoensis has been introduced to the United States and is considered a serious pest of Phragmites australis , the common reed. Heavy infestations of N. biwakoensis in coastal marshes of Louisiana have coincided with extensive die-off of reeds. In this article, dichotomous identification keys to the genera of Aclerdidae and to the species of Nipponaclerda are provided, allowing for accurate identification of species found in the native and invasive range.

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          Most cited references16

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          ScaleNet: a literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics

          Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) are small herbivorous insects found on all continents except Antarctica. They are extremely invasive, and many species are serious agricultural pests. They are also emerging models for studies of the evolution of genetic systems, endosymbiosis and plant-insect interactions. ScaleNet was launched in 1995 to provide insect identifiers, pest managers, insect systematists, evolutionary biologists and ecologists efficient access to information about scale insect biological diversity. It provides comprehensive information on scale insects taken directly from the primary literature. Currently, it draws from 23 477 articles and describes the systematics and biology of 8194 valid species. For 20 years, ScaleNet ran on the same software platform. That platform is no longer viable. Here, we present a new, open-source implementation of ScaleNet. We have normalized the data model, begun the process of correcting invalid data, upgraded the user interface, and added online administrative tools. These improvements make ScaleNet easier to use and maintain and make the ScaleNet data more accurate and extendable. Database URL: http://scalenet.info
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            Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China

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              Bird Predation on Concealed Insects in a Reed-dominated Estuarine Tidal Marsh

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048d35-bb1d-5ce8-9668-537e44bd4c7e
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                09 July 2019
                : 862
                : 81-87
                Affiliations
                [1 ] USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Building 005 – Room 004, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD, 20705, USA USDA, Agricultural Research Service Beltsville United States of America
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Scott A. Schneider ( scott.schneider@ 123456ars.usda.gov )

                Academic editor: James Zahniser

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9679-8437
                Article
                35294 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2C44CFF0-3521-4CAC-8A4E-1642935038A4
                10.3897/zookeys.862.35294
                6635403
                31496882
                fd52436a-2079-4a94-9a75-a3144476eba0

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC0 Public Domain Dedication.

                History
                : 08 April 2019
                : 08 May 2019
                Categories
                Research Article
                Aclerdidae
                Hemiptera
                Agriculture and Forestry
                Systematics
                Cenozoic
                Americas
                Asia

                Animal science & Zoology
                identification,invasive species,louisiana,pest,scale insect, phragmitesaustralis

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