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      THE ROLE OF SMALL FIRMS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ROBOTICS MARKET IN SPAIN

      research-article
      Prometheus
      Pluto Journals
      robots, R&D, small and medium sized firms, technology adoption, Spanish industry
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            Abstract

            This paper studies the structure and development of the robotics market in Spain. The robotisation process of Spanish industry began in the bigger firms, but nowadays small and medium sized firms are the main adopters of robots. The degree of concentration of demand has decreased more than that of supply. The participation of robots in Spanish technology is still small although half the robots adopted are manufactured in Spain. The development of supply has been endogenous, but supplier firms share robots with other equipment in their product portfolio.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            cpro20
            CPRO
            Prometheus
            Critical Studies in Innovation
            Pluto Journals
            0810-9028
            1470-1030
            December 1993
            : 11
            : 2
            : 188-199
            Affiliations
            Article
            8629353 Prometheus, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1993: pp. 188–199
            10.1080/08109029308629353
            7ecd7fb1-e784-44b4-9923-06b0669cd39f
            Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Page count
            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, References: 13, Pages: 12
            Categories
            Original Articles

            Computer science,Arts,Social & Behavioral Sciences,Law,History,Economics
            R&D,robots,Spanish industry,small and medium sized firms,technology adoption

            NOTES AND REFERENCES

            1. Breheny M. and McQuaid R.. 1988. . The Development of High Technology Industries . , London : : Routledge. .

            2. De Meyer A.. 1989. . Flexibility: the next competitive battle. . strategic Management Journal . , Vol. 10((2)): 135––144. .

            3. A mail survey was made among Spanish industrial firms which had adopted at least one industrial robot by the end of 1989. The questions were about the implementation process of the first robot adopted by each firm based on the JIRA categorisation. The survey did not cover all adopter firms because only 172 are actually identified. A total of 44 useful questionnaires was received, which is 33 per cent of the initial sample.

            4. Miller S.. 1989. . Impacts of Industrial Robotics — Potential Effects on Labor and Costs within the Metalworking Industry . , Madison : : University of Wisconsin Press. .

            5. The quantitative information in this section does not stem from the survey at all but from all adopter firms in each year because the firm size of every firm had previously been identified.

            6. Dimnik T. and Richardson R.. 1989. . Flexible automation in the auto parts industry. . Business Quarterly . , Vol. 53((3)): 62––5. .

            7. Cainarca G., Colombo M. and Mariotti S.. 1990. . Firm size and the adoption of flexible automation. . small Business Economics . , Vol. 2((2)): 129––40. .

            8. W. Wobbe, Flexible Manufacturing in Europe — state of the Art of Approaches and Diffusion Patterns, FAST Occasional Papers 155, 1987.

            9. Hicks D.. 1986. . Automation Technology and Industrial Renewal — Adjustment Dynamics in the US Metalworking Sector . , Washington , D.C. : : American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. .

            10. Acs Z., Audretsch D. and Carlsson B.. 1991. . Flexible technology and firm size. . small Business Economics . , Vol. 3((4)): 307––19. .

            11. Of the 32 existing supplier firms in December 1990, only 29 firms were included in the survey sample because the other three had been created in 1990 and did not present homogeneous data for their study. Four firms refused to take part in the study for various reasons.

            12. Oakey R.. 1984. . High Technology Small Firms: Innovation and Regional Development in Britain and the USA . , London : : Frances Pinter. .

            13. Souder W. and Padmanabhan V.. 1989. . “A role interaction model for justifying and implementing CIMS. ”. In Justifying CIMS . , Edited by: Parsaei. . London : : John Wiley & Sons. .

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