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      Theorising the Islamic State: A Decolonial Perspective

      research-article
      ReOrient
      Pluto Journals
      Islamic State (IS), terrorism, Islam, modernity, coloniality, epistemology
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            Abstract

            In this article, I engage with the current security debate on the conceptual understanding of the Islamic State (IS). I critically evaluate the dominant Western view within the debate that conceptualises IS as an “Islamic” terrorist organisation and a product of the “backwardness” of Islam and argue that such a conceptualisation of IS is rooted in a racist and Islamophobic Western epistemological narrative which seeks to create a “natural” link between terrorism and Islam. Through a conceptual discussion on terrorism and a critical assessment of the Eurocentric nature of security studies theories, both traditional and critical, I show how hegemonic Western epistemologies are able to conveniently ignore the European roots of terrorism in the foundation of Western modernity. One result is that hegemonic Western epistemologies are thus able to appropriate the concept of security as an exclusive domain of Western states and their societies, all the while carving out the non-European world, particularly Islamic societies, as the exclusive sources of potential terrorist threats. I, therefore, advance the decolonial theoretical concept of global coloniality as a means of reframing the debate and shifting the point of enunciation from dominant Western views of IS to a more critical Global South decolonial perspective. As such, I emphasise the European origins of terrorism as a constitutive element of the foundation of Western modernity, while addressing the cognitive confinement of security studies theories. In this light, the study concludes by asserting that IS is a creation of the constitutive violent logic of Western modernity/coloniality, which has terrorism as its foundational core.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Journal
            10.13169
            reorient
            ReOrient
            Pluto Journals
            20555601
            2055561X
            Spring 2018
            : 3
            : 2
            : 163-184
            Affiliations
            Africa Institute of South Africa, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Str, Pretoria, 0002
            Article
            reorient.3.2.0163
            10.13169/reorient.3.2.0163
            ef0eb590-22ff-4f76-aa55-4d11c3a08649
            © 2018 Pluto Journals

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Literary studies,Religious studies & Theology,Social & Behavioral Sciences,History,Philosophy
            coloniality,Islamic State (IS),terrorism,Islam,modernity,epistemology

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