688
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares

      If you have found this article useful and you think it is important that researchers across the world have access, please consider donating, to ensure that this valuable collection remains Open Access.

      ReOrient is published by Pluto Journals, an Open Access publisher. This means that everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles from our international collection of social science journals, and the authors don’t pay an author processing charge (APC’s).

      scite_
       
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      South Asian Qur’an Commentaries and Translations: A Preliminary Intellectual History

      research-article
      ReOrient
      Pluto Journals
      South Asia, exegesis, translation, power, Mughal empire, colonial modernity
      Bookmark

            Abstract

            This essay presents a broad overview of certain key works and intellectual trends that mark traditional scholarship on the Qur’an in South Asia, from the late medieval to the modern periods, roughly the fourteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. Far from an exhaustive survey of any sort, what I have attempted instead is a preliminary and necessarily partial outline of the intellectual trajectory of Qur’an commentaries and translations in the South Asian context—in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu—with a view to exploring how shifting historical and political conditions informed new ways of engaging the Qur’an. My central argument is this: in South Asia, the early modern and modern periods saw an important shift from largely elite scholarship on the Qur’an, invariably conducted by scholars intimately bound to the imperial order of their time, to more selfconsciously popular works of translation and exegesis designed to access and attract a wider non-elite public. In this shift, I argue, translation itself emerged as an important and powerful medium of hermeneutical populism pregnant with the promise of broadening the boundaries of the Qur’an's readership and understanding. In other words, as the pendulum of political sovereignty gradually shifted from pre-colonial Islamicate imperial orders to British colonialism, new ways of imagining the role, function, and accessibility of the Qur’an also came into central view. A major emphasis of this essay is on the thought and contributions of the hugely influential eighteenth-century scholar Shah Wali Ullah (d. 1762) and his family on the intellectual topography of South Asian Qur’an commentaries and translations.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.2307/j50009694
            reorient
            ReOrient
            Pluto Journals
            2055-5601
            2055-561X
            1 April 2020
            : 5
            : 2 ( doiID: 10.13169/reorient.5.issue-2 )
            : 233-256
            Affiliations
            Franklin and Marshall College, USA
            Article
            reorient.5.2.0233
            10.13169/reorient.5.2.0233
            8c531ee0-2ced-40bb-9f7e-48bebc5f78ba
            © 2020 Pluto Journals

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Custom metadata
            eng

            Literary studies,Religious studies & Theology,Social & Behavioral Sciences,History,Philosophy
            colonial modernity,power,Mughal empire,exegesis,translation,South Asia

            References

            1. 'Abd al-Qadir, Shah. (1790) Muzih al-Qur’an. London: British Library Manuscripts MSS Urdu 2.

            2. ‘Ashur, Ibn. (2010) al-Tahrir wa'l Tanwir, Vol. 22. Tunis: Dar Suhnun li'l Nashr wa'l Tawzi’.

            3. Bashir, Kamran. (2018) The Evolution of Qur’anic Hermeneutics in British India, 1857–1947: Projects, Ideas and Trends. PhD dissertation, University of Victoria, Canada.

            4. Faruqi, I.H. (1982) The Tarjuman al-Qur’an: A critical analysis of Maulana Abu'l-Kalam Azad's approach to understanding of the Qur’an. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.

            5. Fayzi, Abu'l Fayz. (ND) Sawati' al-Ilham. Lucknow: Naval Kishore Press.

            6. Gorke, Andreas and Pink, Johanna ed. (2015) Tafsir and Islamic Intellectual History: Exploring the Boundaries of a Genre. London: Oxford University Press.

            7. Hashmi, Sayyid. (2008) Shah Rafi' ul-Din Dihlawi. In Masud, Khalid. (ed.). Atharwin sadi 'iswi mayn bar-i saghir mayn Islami fikr ke rahnuma, 357–405. Islamabad: Idara-yi Tahqiqat-i Islami.

            8. Jivan, Mullah Ahmad. (2012) al-Tafsirat al-Ahmadiyya fi Bayan al-Ayat al-Shar'iyya. Lahore: Ziya' al-Qur’an Publishers.

            9. Khan, Ahmad Raza. (1995) Kanz al-Iman fi Tarjamat al-Qur’an. Karachi: Maktabat ul-Qur’an.

            10. Khan, Ahmad Raza. (2006) Al-Mahajja al-Mu'tamana fi Ayat Mumtahana in Fatawa-yi Rizviyya. Lahore: Raza Foundation.

            11. Maha'imi, ‘Ali ibn Ahmad. (n.d.) Tabsir al-Rahman wa Taysir al-Mannan. Cairo: Matba’ Bawlaq.

            12. Maha'imi, 'Ali ibn Ahmad. (2011) Tafsir Maha'imi Musamma bi Tabsir al-Rahman wa Taysir al-Mannan. Beirut, Kitab Nashirun.

            13. Mawdudi, Sayyid Abu'l 'Ala. (2008) Tafhim al-Qur’an. Lahore: Idara-yi Tarjuman al-Qur’an.

            14. Nadvi, Muhammad Riza al-Islam. (2008) Bar-i Saghir mayn Mutala'a-yi Qur’an: Ba'z ‘ulama’ ki tafsiri kawishon ka ja'iza. Lahore: Maktaba Qasim ul-'Ulum.

            15. Naz, M. S. (2008) Shah Wali Ullah Dihlawi. In Masud, Khalid. (ed.). Atharwin sadi 'iswi mayn bar-i saghir mayn Islami fikr ke rahnuma. Islamabad: Idara-yi Tahqiqat-i Islami, 171–205.

            16. Al-Rahman, Sajid ed. (2008) Bar-i Saghir mayn Mutala'a-yi Qur’an. Islamabad: Idara-yi Tahqiqat-i Islami.

            17. Saleh, Walid. (2015) Quran Commentaries. In Hossein Nasr Seyyed (ed.). The Study Qur’an: A New Translation and Commentary. New York: Harper Collins, 1645–1658.

            18. Thanvi, Ashraf 'Ali. (1978) Bayan al-Qur’an. Lahore: Maktaba al-Hasan.

            19. 'Umari, Muhammad. (1995) Tazkira-yi Mufassirin-i Hind, Vol. 1. A'zamgarh: Dar ul-Musannifin.

            20. Tareen, SherAli. (2017) Revolutionary Hermeneutics: Translating the Qur’an as a Manifesto for Revolution. Journal of Religious and Political Practice, Volume 3, Numbers 1–2, pp. 1–24.

            21. Wali Ullah, Shah. (n.d.) al-Fawz al-Kabir fi 'Usul al-Tafsir. Karachi: Qadimi Kutub Khana.

            22. Wali Ullah, Shah. (1980) Fath al-Rahman bi Tarjamat al-Qur’an. Karachi: Nur Muhammad Nasih al-Matabi' wa Karkhanah-yi Tijarat-i Kutub.

            23. Wilson, Brett. Translating the Qur’an in an Age of Nationalism: Print Culture and Modern Islam in Turkey. London: Oxford University Press.

            24. Zadeh, Travis. (2012) The Vernacular Qur’an: Translation and the Rise of Persian Exegesis. London: Oxford University Press.

            25. Zaman, Muhammad Qasim. (2018) Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi, His Successors, and the Qur’an. In Graf, Bettina, et al. (ed.). Ways of Knowing Muslim Cultures and Societies: Studies in Honour of Gudrun Kramer. Leiden: Brill Publishing, 280–97.

            Comments

            Comment on this article