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      Working memory capacity, and selective attention in older children with mathematics learning disabilities

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      Working memory, working memory capacity, complex span tasks, selective attention, mathematics learning disabilities
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            Abstract

            Both verbal and visuospatial working memory adding to selective attention, have been examined in two groups (Mean age = 12.59 years old). One of the two groups displaying math learning disabilities (n=36), this group acts as an experimental group, and the other group without learning disabilities acts as a control group (n=36), the two groups were matched for age and IQ. The two groups presented with complex span tasks to assess working memory capacity (WMC), operation span task (OSPAN) used to assess verbal working memory capacity, symmetry span task used to assess visuospatial working memory capacity; the two previous tasks administrated automatically by using computers. Selective attention assessed in the two groups by using colored square task (CST) that used for assessing visual selective attention and it administrated automatically.

            Results revealed that performance of children with MLD was lower than control group (typically achieving children) in both verbal and visuospatial working memory, moreover, the two groups differed in the number of correct responses (accuracy) in visual selective attention for typically achieved children, but there is no significant difference between them in response time (speed).

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            1 July 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Ph.D in cognitive psychology, Mansoura University, Egypt
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPLLCQF.v1
            b15ba441-49c3-4fe8-a0da-d66482e60fc8

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).
            Social & Behavioral Sciences
            Working memory,working memory capacity,complex span tasks,selective attention,mathematics learning disabilities

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