This article outlines the evolution of Czech social pedagogy from its origins in the 19 th century to the present day. The development of social pedagogy has been non-linear and very slow. The socio-political situation in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989 brought substantial changes, to which educational thinking, theory and practice began to adapt. This was expressed by the fact that social pedagogy started to present itself as an independent educational discipline, study subject and profession. The article aims to present nationally significant authors who have had a marked influence on the development of social pedagogy. Well-known authors of theories are briefly introduced in the text, including their publications, as well as authors of research and important pedagogues involved in the practice. Current concepts of Czech social pedagogy, reflecting various philosophical starting points and ideas on the profession of social pedagogue are presented. Despite these different starting points and concepts, an agreement is reached as regards the primary task of social pedagogy as a preventive activity (by means of educational measures) and support for social cohesion.