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      Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power.

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          Abstract

          To investigate the effects of simultaneous explosive-strength and endurance training on physical performance characteristics, 10 experimental (E) and 8 control (C) endurance athletes trained for 9 wk. The total training volume was kept the same in both groups, but 32% of training in E and 3% in C was replaced by explosive-type strength training. A 5-km time trial (5K), running economy (RE), maximal 20-m speed (V20 m), and 5-jump (5J) tests were measured on a track. Maximal anaerobic (MART) and aerobic treadmill running tests were used to determine maximal velocity in the MART (VMART) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max). The 5K time, RE, and VMART improved (P < 0.05) in E, but no changes were observed in C. V20 m and 5J increased in E (P < 0.01) and decreased in C (P < 0.05). VO2 max increased in C (P < 0.05), but no changes were observed in E. In the pooled data, the changes in the 5K velocity during 9 wk of training correlated (P < 0.05) with the changes in RE [O2 uptake (r = -0.54)] and VMART (r = 0.55). In conclusion, the present simultaneous explosive-strength and endurance training improved the 5K time in well-trained endurance athletes without changes in their VO2 max. This improvement was due to improved neuromuscular characteristics that were transferred into improved VMART and running economy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Appl Physiol (1985)
          Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
          American Physiological Society
          8750-7587
          0161-7567
          May 1999
          : 86
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] KIHU-Research Institute for Olympic Sports, University of Jyväskylä, SF-40700 Jyväskylä, Finland. LPAAVOLA@KIHU.JYU.FI
          Article
          10.1152/jappl.1999.86.5.1527
          10233114
          4ebe495c-d88f-45e3-b86f-53c46b280fb1
          History

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