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      High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success.

      1 , ,
      Journal of personality
      Wiley

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          Abstract

          What good is self-control? We incorporated a new measure of individual differences in self-control into two large investigations of a broad spectrum of behaviors. The new scale showed good internal consistency and retest reliability. Higher scores on self-control correlated with a higher grade point average, better adjustment (fewer reports of psychopathology, higher self-esteem), less binge eating and alcohol abuse, better relationships and interpersonal skills, secure attachment, and more optimal emotional responses. Tests for curvilinearity failed to indicate any drawbacks of so-called overcontrol, and the positive effects remained after controlling for social desirability. Low self-control is thus a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Pers
          Journal of personality
          Wiley
          0022-3506
          0022-3506
          Apr 2004
          : 72
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444, USA.
          Article
          263
          10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x
          15016066
          0219aa6a-1b71-4686-9eb5-b256c8e34a90
          History

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