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      Community structure in co-inventor networks affects time to first citation for patents

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          Abstract

          We have investigated community structure in the co-inventor network of a given cohort of patents and related this structure to the dynamics of how these patents acquire their first citation. A statistically significant difference in the time lag until first citation is linked to whether or not this citation comes from a patent whose listed inventors share membership in the same communities as the inventors of the cited patent. Although the inventor-community structures identified by different community-detection algorithms differ in several aspects, including the community-size distribution, the magnitude of the difference in time to first citation is robustly exhibited. Our work is able to quantify the expected acceleration of knowledge flow within inventor communities and thereby further establishes the utility of network-analysis tools for studying innovation dynamics.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Finding and evaluating community structure in networks.

          We propose and study a set of algorithms for discovering community structure in networks-natural divisions of network nodes into densely connected subgroups. Our algorithms all share two definitive features: first, they involve iterative removal of edges from the network to split it into communities, the edges removed being identified using any one of a number of possible "betweenness" measures, and second, these measures are, crucially, recalculated after each removal. We also propose a measure for the strength of the community structure found by our algorithms, which gives us an objective metric for choosing the number of communities into which a network should be divided. We demonstrate that our algorithms are highly effective at discovering community structure in both computer-generated and real-world network data, and show how they can be used to shed light on the sometimes dauntingly complex structure of networked systems.
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            Scientific collaboration networks. I. Network construction and fundamental results

             M. Newman (2001)
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              A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of Innovations

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                25 February 2019
                Article
                1902.09679

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                14 pages, 4 figures, BioMedCentral article style
                cs.SI physics.soc-ph

                Social & Information networks, General physics

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