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      The Short-term Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers to the Poor: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

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      The Quarterly Journal of Economics
      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.

          Research on dispositional optimism as assessed by the Life Orientation Test (Scheier & Carver, 1985) has been challenged on the grounds that effects attributed to optimism are indistinguishable from those of unmeasured third variables, most notably, neuroticism. Data from 4,309 subjects show that associations between optimism and both depression and aspects of coping remain significant even when the effects of neuroticism, as well as the effects of trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem, are statistically controlled. Thus, the Life Orientation Test does appear to possess adequate predictive and discriminant validity. Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision. Thus, we also describe a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties.
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            Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects

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              Multiple Inference and Gender Differences in the Effects of Early Intervention: A Reevaluation of the Abecedarian, Perry Preschool, and Early Training Projects

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                The Quarterly Journal of Economics
                The Quarterly Journal of Economics
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                0033-5533
                1531-4650
                October 28 2016
                November 19 2016
                : 131
                : 4
                : 1973-2042
                Article
                10.1093/qje/qjw025
                7575201
                33087990
                0f2867b3-dda3-4ca8-9493-07b8f3438d1f
                © 2016
                History

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