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      Tobacco-alcohol amblyopia: a diagnostic dilemma.

      1 ,

      Journal of the neurological sciences

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Tobacco alcohol amblyopia is an outdated term for a rare condition characterized by visual impairment due to tobacco and alcohol abuse usually associated with nutritional deficiencies. The more accurate term used now is Nutritional Optic Neuropathy. The visual impairment generally presents as a centrocecal scotoma. Its pathophysiology is poorly understood but it is generally attributed to toxic effects of cyanide and B12 deficiency.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Neurol. Sci.
          Journal of the neurological sciences
          Elsevier BV
          1878-5883
          0022-510X
          Apr 15 2013
          : 327
          : 1-2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave, KS211, Boston, MA 02215, United States. ssyed@hsph.harvard.edu
          Article
          S0022-510X(13)00081-6
          10.1016/j.jns.2013.02.004
          23477666

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