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      Evolution of Nephrology

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          Abstract

          Nephrology in America was the first and largest of the new internal medical specialties to emerge after World War II. It was a novel fusion of traditional basic sciences and new clinical tools such as renal biopsy, new imaging, molecular target drugs, dialysis, hemoperfusion and transplantation. The immediate roots were provided by great scientists/clinicians like John Peters, Homer Smith and Tom Addis. The caldron was formed by the tensions arising from newly formed organizations such as the AHA (including NYHA and WHA), NIH, ISN, ASN, ASAIO and NKF. Without these tensions, nephrology might have become a much smaller and narrower specialty of clinical physiology, salt and water and acid-base metabolism. The evolution was rapid from attendance 100+ at the first ISN in Evian, France in 1960 to the 1998 ASN meeting in Philadelphia which drew more than 10,000 nephrologists. This is a personalized history of those tensions and their interactions written by the only nephrologist who has been President of the WHA, ASN, ISN, ASAIO and the NKF.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6855-5
          978-3-318-00128-0
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1999
          April 1999
          23 April 1999
          : 19
          : 2
          : 295-303
          Affiliations
          Great Falls, Va., USA
          Article
          13464 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:295–303
          10.1159/000013464
          10213831
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, References: 26, Pages: 9
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13464
          Categories
          Origins of Nephrology – The Modern Era

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