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      Aortic Stiffness Is an Independent Predictor of Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease

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          Abstract

          Although aortic stiffness plays an important role in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), the influence of aortic stiffness on left ventricular systolic function has not yet been fully evaluated. In the present study, we measured brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), which is a new index of aortic stiffness, in patients with CAD (CAD group, n = 170, 67 ± 9 years old) and without CAD (non-CAD group, n = 81, 63 ± 8 years old), and evaluated the relationship between baPWV and left ventricular systolic function in patients with CAD. baPWV in the CAD group was significantly higher than that in the non-CAD group (1,794 ± 350 vs. 1,469 ± 292 cm/s, p < 0.05), although both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were comparable between the two groups. In the CAD group, the baPWV was higher in patients with three-vessel disease than that in patients with one-vessel disease (1,885 ± 542 vs. 1,720 ± 373 cm/s, p < 0.05). In the CAD group, multivariate analysis demonstrated that baPWV and pulse pressure independently correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In conclusion, in patients with CAD, baPWV, which is a simple marker of aortic stiffness, increases with CAD severity and correlates with left ventricular systolic function independent of CAD severity.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Validity, reproducibility, and clinical significance of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity measurement.

          The present study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements and to examine the alteration of baPWV in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Simultaneous recordings of baPWV by a simple, noninvasive method and aortic pulse wave velosity (PWV) using a catheter tip with pressure manometer were performed in 41 patients with CAD, vasospastic angina, or cardiomyopathy. In 32 subjects (15 controls and 17 patients with CAD), baPWV was recorded independently by two observers in a random manner. In 55 subjects (14 controls and 41 patients with CAD), baPWV was recorded twice by a single observer on different days. baPWV were compared among 172 patients with CAD (aged 62 +/- 8 years); 655 age-matched patients without CAD but with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemia; and 595 age-matched healthy subjects without these risk factors. baPWV correlated well with aortic PWV (r=0.87, p<0.01). Pearson's correlation coefficients of interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility were r=0.98 and r=0.87, respectively. The corresponding coefficients of variation were 8.4% and 10.0%. baPWV were significantly higher in CAD patients than in non-CAD patients with risk factors, for both genders (p<0.01). In addition, baPWV were higher in non-CAD patients with risk factors than in healthy subjects without risk factors. Thus, the validity and reproducibility of baPWV measurements are considerably high, and this method seems to be an acceptable marker reflecting vascular damages. baPWV measured by this simple, noninvasive method is suitable for screening vascular damages in a large population.
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            Influences of age and gender on results of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity measurement--a survey of 12517 subjects.

            The present study was conducted to evaluate the influences of age and gender on the results of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). In 12517 subjects who had no medication and no history of cardiovascular diseases, multiple regression analysis demonstrated that age, blood pressure, body mass index, triglycerides, blood glucose, and uric acid were significant variables for baPWV in both genders. From this population, we extracted 7881 "healthy subjects" (4488 males and 3393 females, 25-87 years) without any of the atherogenic risk factors, and the results of baPWV were analyzed chronologically in 5-year age intervals. baPWV was lower in females than in males until age 60, and became similar in both genders over age 60. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that not only the value of R(2) but also the coefficient of the effect of age on baPWV are larger in females than in males. In the estimation of the regression curve, the relationship between age and baPWV demonstrated a quadratic curve in both genders. Thus, aging influences baPWV, and its effect is more prominent in female. Menopause seems to be the crucial phenomenon to explain the augmented increase in arterial stiffness with aging in females.
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              Aortic Stiffness Is an Independent Predictor of Primary Coronary Events in Hypertensive Patients: A Longitudinal Study

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2005
                February 2005
                07 February 2005
                : 103
                : 2
                : 107-112
                Affiliations
                aDivision of Cardiology, Tottori Municipal Hospital, Tottori, and bDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medical and Dentistry, Okayama, Japan
                Article
                82472 Cardiology 2005;103:107–112
                10.1159/000082472
                15591710
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 21, Pages: 6
                Categories
                General Cardiology

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