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      Characterization of RNA synthesis during a one-step growth curve and of the replication mechanism of bovine viral diarrhoea virus.

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          Abstract

          The noncytopathic Australian bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) Trangie isolate was used to establish a one-step growth curve and to investigate previously uncharacterized aspects of pestivirus replication. The eclipse phase was found to be approximately 8 to 10 h and the first appearance of viral antigen assayed by immunofluorescence occurred around 6 h post-infection (p.i.). Both positive- and negative-sense virus RNAs were first detected at 4 h p.i. by Northern blot hybridization using strand-specific RNA probes generated by in vitro transcription from cDNA cloned from the NS3 region. The ratio of positive- to negative-sense virus RNA changed from 2:1 at 4 h p.i. to 10:1 at 12 h p.i. and thereafter. The kinetics of synthesis showed that the rate of synthesis of positive-strand viral RNA increased rapidly from 6 h p.i., whereas the rate of synthesis of the negative-strand remained constant. The copy number of genomic RNA determined by Northern blot hybridization analysis was estimated to be 1.5 x 10(4) copies per cell, 16 to 24 h p.i. Viral RNA species that were thought to represent replicative intermediate (RI) and replicative forms (RF) were detected after electrophoretic separation by urea-PAGE. Confirmation of the identity of the RI and RF was obtained using LiCl precipitation and RNase A digestion of [3H]uridine-labelled RNA. Pulse-chase labelling of BVDV-infected cells was consistent with synthesis of nascent BVDV RNA through an RI derived by strand displacement from an RF template and thus the synthesis of BVDV RNA is likely to be similar to the model proposed for flavivirus replication.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Gen. Virol.
          The Journal of general virology
          Microbiology Society
          0022-1317
          0022-1317
          Nov 1996
          : 77 ( Pt 11)
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Sir Albert Sakzewski Virus Research Centre, Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
          Article
          10.1099/0022-1317-77-11-2729
          8922466
          34650b9e-b2b7-4d27-9357-0ee596b0a324
          History

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