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      Significant Modules and Biological Processes between Active Components of Salvia miltiorrhiza Depside Salt and Aspirin

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study is to examine and compare the similarities and differences between active components of S. miltiorrhiza depside salt and aspirin using perspective of pharmacological molecular networks. Active components of S. miltiorrhiza depside salt and aspirin's related genes were identified via the STITCH4.0 and GeneCards Database. A text search engine (Agilent Literature Search 2.71) and MCODE software were applied to construct network and divide modules, respectively. Finally, 32, 2, and 28 overlapping genes, modules, and pathways were identified between active components of S. miltiorrhiza depside salt and aspirin. A multidimensional framework of drug network showed that two networks reflected commonly in human aortic endothelial cells and atherosclerosis process. Aspirin plays a more important role in metabolism, such as the well-known AA metabolism pathway and other lipid or carbohydrate metabolism pathways. S. miltiorrhiza depside salt still plays a regulatory role in type II diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, and adipocytokine signaling pathway. Therefore, this study suggests that aspirin combined with S. miltiorrhiza depside salt may be more efficient in treatment of CHD patients, especially those with diabetes mellitus or hyperlipidemia. Further clinical trials to confirm this hypothesis are still needed.

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          Network pharmacology.

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            Vascular adhesion molecules in atherosclerosis.

            Numerous reports document the role of vascular adhesion molecules in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Recent novel findings in the field of adhesion molecules require an updated summary of current research. In this review, we highlight the role of vascular adhesion molecules including selectins, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, intercellular adhesion molecule1 (ICAM-1), PECAM-1, JAMs, and connexins in atherosclerosis. The immune system is important in atherosclerosis, and significant efforts are under way to understand the vascular adhesion molecule-dependent mechanisms of immune cell trafficking into healthy and atherosclerosis-prone arterial walls. This review focuses on the role of vascular adhesion molecules in the regulation of immune cell homing during atherosclerosis and discusses future directions that will lead to better understanding of this disease.
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              Is Open Access

              STITCH 4: integration of protein–chemical interactions with user data

              STITCH is a database of protein–chemical interactions that integrates many sources of experimental and manually curated evidence with text-mining information and interaction predictions. Available at http://stitch.embl.de, the resulting interaction network includes 390 000 chemicals and 3.6 million proteins from 1133 organisms. Compared with the previous version, the number of high-confidence protein–chemical interactions in human has increased by 45%, to 367 000. In this version, we added features for users to upload their own data to STITCH in the form of internal identifiers, chemical structures or quantitative data. For example, a user can now upload a spreadsheet with screening hits to easily check which interactions are already known. To increase the coverage of STITCH, we expanded the text mining to include full-text articles and added a prediction method based on chemical structures. We further changed our scheme for transferring interactions between species to rely on orthology rather than protein similarity. This improves the performance within protein families, where scores are now transferred only to orthologous proteins, but not to paralogous proteins. STITCH can be accessed with a web-interface, an API and downloadable files.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
                Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
                ECAM
                Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM
                Hindawi Publishing Corporation
                1741-427X
                1741-4288
                2016
                16 March 2016
                16 March 2016
                : 2016
                Affiliations
                1Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 16 Nanxiao Street, Dongzhimennei, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100700, China
                2Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Avenue, CA 90095, USA
                Author notes
                *Yanming Xie: ktz2014@ 123456163.com and

                Academic Editor: Helmut Hugel

                Article
                10.1155/2016/3439521
                4812280
                27069488
                Copyright © 2016 Yuan Li et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Research Article

                Complementary & Alternative medicine

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