RNA-binding proteins control many aspects of cellular biology through binding single-stranded RNA binding motifs (RBM) 1- 3 . However, RBMs can be buried within their local RNA structures 4- 7 , thus inhibiting RNA-protein interactions. N 6-methyladenosine (m 6A), the most abundant and dynamic internal modification in eukaryotic messenger RNA 8- 19 , can be selectively recognized by the YTHDF2 protein to affect the stability of cytoplasmic mRNAs 15 , but how m 6A achieves wide-ranging physiological significance needs further exploration. Here we show that m 6A controls the RNA-structure-dependent accessibility of RBMs to affect RNA-protein interactions for biological regulation; we term this mechanism “m 6A-switch”. We found that m 6A alters the local structure in mRNA and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) to facilitate binding of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C (hnRNP C), an abundant nuclear RNA-binding protein responsible for pre-mRNA processing 20- 24 . Combining PAR-CLIP and m 6A/MeRIP approaches enabled us to identify 39,060 m 6A-switches among hnRNP C binding sites; and global m 6A reduction decreased hnRNP C binding at 2,798 high confidence m 6A-switches. We determined that these m 6A-switch-regulated hnRNP C binding activities affect the abundance as well as alternative splicing of target mRNAs, demonstrating the regulatory role of m 6A-switches on gene expression and RNA maturation. Our results illustrate how RNA-binding proteins gain regulated access to their RBMs through m 6A-dependent RNA structural remodeling, and provide a new direction for investigating RNA-modification-coded cellular biology.