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      Interaction of Endothelin with Renal Nerves Modulates Kidney Function in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

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          Abstract

          Background and Methods: We investigated kidney function, renal endothelin-1 concentration, prepro-endothelin-1 mRNA as well as endothelin receptor A and B mRNA expression and receptor properties in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with intact renal nerves and 7 days after renal denervation. In addition, responses of renal function to the non-selective ET<sub>A</sub>/ET<sub>B</sub> receptor blocker bosentan (10 mg/kg i.v. bolus injection) were studied. Results: In SHR, renal papillary prepro-endothelin-1 mRNA expression, endothelin-1 tissue concentrations and endothelin receptor density were significantly lower than in normotensive rats. Renal denervation was associated with a decrease in papillary tissue prepro-endothelin-1 mRNA and in WKY rats also with a significant reduction in papillary endothelin-1 content without affecting ET receptor density. Bosentan did not alter renal blood flow or glomerular filtration rate but decreased urine flow rate in both intact normotensive and hypertensive rats, whereas it decreased urine sodium and potassium excretion only in intact WKY. Bosentan had no effects on renal function in renal denervated rats. Conclusion: Since renal papillary endothelin-1 appears to counteract the fluid and sodium retaining effects of renal nerve activity, an impaired renal endothelin-1 synthesis in SHR may contribute to excessive sodium retention and thus to the pathogenesis of hypertension in SHR.

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          Most cited references 20

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          Refinement of the Coomassie blue method of protein quantitation

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            THE RENAL CLEARANCES OF SUBSTITUTED HIPPURIC ACID DERIVATIVES AND OTHER AROMATIC ACIDS IN DOG AND MAN.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2006
                August 2006
                15 August 2006
                : 29
                : 2
                : 126-134
                Affiliations
                aRenal Section, Medical Policlinic, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; bDepartment of Physiology, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
                Article
                94571 Kidney Blood Press Res 2006;29:126–134
                10.1159/000094571
                16864980
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 37, Pages: 9
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/94571
                Categories
                Original Paper

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