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      Assigning protein functions by comparative genome analysis: protein phylogenetic profiles.

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          Abstract

          Determining protein functions from genomic sequences is a central goal of bioinformatics. We present a method based on the assumption that proteins that function together in a pathway or structural complex are likely to evolve in a correlated fashion. During evolution, all such functionally linked proteins tend to be either preserved or eliminated in a new species. We describe this property of correlated evolution by characterizing each protein by its phylogenetic profile, a string that encodes the presence or absence of a protein in every known genome. We show that proteins having matching or similar profiles strongly tend to be functionally linked. This method of phylogenetic profiling allows us to predict the function of uncharacterized proteins.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
          Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
          Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
          0027-8424
          0027-8424
          Apr 13 1999
          : 96
          : 8
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Molecular Biology Institute and Departments of Energy Laboratory of Structural Biology and Molecular Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1570, USA.
          Article
          10.1073/pnas.96.8.4285
          16324
          10200254
          510451c4-ceb7-40d8-a52d-3bf07147dfa7

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