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      Understanding and exploiting plant beneficial microbes

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          Abstract

          After a century of incremental research, technological advances, coupled with a need for sustainable crop yield increases, have reinvigorated the study of beneficial plant-microbe interactions with attention focused on how microbiomes alter plant phenotypes. We review recent advances in plant microbiome research, and describe potential applications for increasing crop productivity. The phylogenetic diversity of plant microbiomes is increasingly well characterized, and their functional diversity is becoming more accessible. Large culture collections are available for controlled experimentation, with more to come. Genetic resources are being brought to bear on questions of microbiome function. We expect that microbial amendments of varying complexities will expose rules governing beneficial plant-microbe interactions contributing to plant growth promotion and disease resistance, enabling more sustainable agriculture.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          100883395
          21113
          Curr Opin Plant Biol
          Curr. Opin. Plant Biol.
          Current opinion in plant biology
          1369-5266
          1879-0356
          8 June 2017
          13 June 2017
          August 2017
          01 August 2018
          : 38
          : 155-163
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          [2 ]Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          [3 ]Curriculum in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          [4 ]Carolina Center for Genome Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          [5 ]Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          [6 ]Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280, USA
          Author notes
          [*]

          Indicates co-first author

          Article
          PMC5561662 PMC5561662 5561662 nihpa880044
          10.1016/j.pbi.2017.04.018
          5561662
          28622659
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