Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      The Pathophysiology of Acute Myocardial Infarction

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Ischemia, Myocardial ischemia, Myocardial infarction, Pathophysiology, Atherosclerosis

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Recent work has now clearly established that coronary arterial thrombosis is the direct cause of acute myocardial infarction. This thrombotic event occurs when a pre-existing atherosclerotic plaque ruptures or fissures, thereby exposing underlying thrombogenic material to the circulation. Platelets are thus activated and the clotting cascade is initiated. It is as yet unclear why a previously stable atherosclerotic plaque should fissure or rupture. However, suggested mechanisms include release of vasoactive substances from activated platelets, coronary arterial vasomotion, mechanical stress fatigue of the atherosclerotic plaque, and rupture of vasa vasorum within the atherosclerotic plaque. The resultant cessation of myocardial blood flow produces specific biochemical and physiological alterations secondary to myocardial ischemia. Intracellular acidosis, loss of high-energy phosphates, reduced sensitivity of contractile proteins to calcium, and accumulation of inorganic phosphate and lipid, all occur within the ischemic myocyte. Diastolic compliance is markedly reduced by ischemia followed by cessation of systolic contractile activity. Most of these alterations are reversible if ischemia is relieved promptly. Prolonged ischemia leads to delayed biochemical and physiological recovery and/or cell necrosis.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5038-3
          978-3-318-01533-1
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1989
          1989
          11 November 2008
          : 76
          : 2
          : 85-95
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass., USA
          Article
          174479 Cardiology 1989;76:85–95
          10.1159/000174479
          2663157
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Recent Advances in the Management of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

          Comments

          Comment on this article