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      THE MATERIAL BONE: Structure-Mechanical Function Relations

      1 , 1
      Annual Review of Materials Science
      Annual Reviews

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          Abstract

          ▪ Abstract The term bone refers to a family of materials, all of which are built up of mineralized collagen fibrils. They have highly complex structures, described in terms of up to 7 hierarchical levels of organization. These materials have evolved to fulfill a variety of mechanical functions, for which the structures are presumably fine-tuned. Matching structure to function is a challenge. Here we review the structure-mechanical relations at each of the hierarchical levels of organization, highlighting wherever possible both underlying strategies and gaps in our knowledge. The insights gained from the study of these fascinating materials are not only important biologically, but may well provide novel ideas that can be applied to the design of synthetic materials.

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          Most cited references72

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          The elasticity and strength of paper and other fibrous materials

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            The Mechanical Design of Nacre

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Annual Review of Materials Science
                Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.
                Annual Reviews
                0084-6600
                August 1998
                August 1998
                : 28
                : 1
                : 271-298
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Departments of Structural Biology and Materials and Interfaces, *Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100 Israel;
                Article
                10.1146/annurev.matsci.28.1.271
                5bb76834-ce55-4c81-90d3-2ed3421a3f1d
                © 1998

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