• Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

Heavy ion carcinogenesis and human space exploration.

Nature reviews. Cancer

Space Flight, Risk Factors, pharmacology, Radiation-Protective Agents, Radiation Protection, Occupational Exposure, etiology, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Humans, adverse effects, Heavy Ions, Disease Susceptibility, DNA Repair, DNA Damage, Cosmic Radiation, Chromosome Aberrations, Astronauts

Read this article at

      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


      Before the human exploration of Mars or long-duration missions on the Earth's moon, the risk of cancer and other diseases from space radiation must be accurately estimated and mitigated. Space radiation, comprised of energetic protons and heavy nuclei, has been shown to produce distinct biological damage compared with radiation on Earth, leading to large uncertainties in the projection of cancer and other health risks, and obscuring evaluation of the effectiveness of possible countermeasures. Here, we describe how research in cancer radiobiology can support human missions to Mars and other planets.

      Related collections

      Author and article information



      Comment on this article