We describe an oesophageal tumour composed of choriocarcinoma, hepatoid adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma and tubular adenocarcinoma. The choriocarcinomatous areas and hepatoid adenocarcinomatous areas contained beta human chorionic gonadotropin-positive cells and alpha fetoprotein-positive cells, respectively. The small cell carcinomatous areas contained cells positive for serotonin or adrenocorticotrophic hormone, while the tubular adenocarcinomatous areas contained cells positive for carcinoembryonic antigen. Non-neoplastic gastric type columnar epithelium was found directly adjoing the tumour at the oral side. This tumour, with its unprecedented histology combination of tissues may have originated in Barrett's oesophagus, although we could not confirm a history of chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux.