This compilation is the result of identification of material recently collected from
Southern Brazil. Forty-one new records of Phoridae are recorded for the state of Rio
Grande do Sul, and the species Eibsfeldtphora cumsaltensis Disney 2009, Megaselia
(M.) gracilipalpis Borgmeier 1969, Megaselia (Aphiochaeta) latimanus (Malloch, 1914),
Melaloncha curvata Brown, 2005, and Trophodeinus vicinus (Borgmeier, 1963) are recorded
for the first time in Brazil. Species are distributed in 18 genera and 3 subfamilies.
The total known diversity of phorids in the state is augmented from 10 to 51 species.
An updated distribution for Brazil is presented for each species.