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Evidence-Based Pharmacologic Therapies for Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Application of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation Methodology.

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      Abstract

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic complication of extreme preterm birth. The authors applied the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology to pharmacologic therapies found to prevent BPD. Caffeine and vitamin A are the only medications shown in high-quality studies to prevent BPD without the risk of clinically important adverse effects. Dexamethasone is effective for the prevention of BPD; but for many infants, the increased risks of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, gastrointestinal perforation, and cerebral palsy outweigh this benefit. Several medications are currently under investigation for the prevention of BPD, but few are novel agents.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
      [2 ] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: barbara.schmidt@uphs.upenn.edu.
      Journal
      Clin Perinatol
      Clinics in perinatology
      1557-9840
      0095-5108
      Dec 2015
      : 42
      : 4
      26593077
      S0095-5108(15)00088-3
      10.1016/j.clp.2015.08.005
      Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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