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      Wolbachia: master manipulators of invertebrate biology.

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          Abstract

          Wolbachia are common intracellular bacteria that are found in arthropods and nematodes. These alphaproteobacteria endosymbionts are transmitted vertically through host eggs and alter host biology in diverse ways, including the induction of reproductive manipulations, such as feminization, parthenogenesis, male killing and sperm-egg incompatibility. They can also move horizontally across species boundaries, resulting in a widespread and global distribution in diverse invertebrate hosts. Here, we review the basic biology of Wolbachia, with emphasis on recent advances in our understanding of these fascinating endosymbionts.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nat Rev Microbiol
          Nature reviews. Microbiology
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1740-1534
          1740-1526
          Oct 2008
          : 6
          : 10
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Biology Department, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, New York 14627, USA. werr@mail.rochester.edu
          Article
          nrmicro1969
          10.1038/nrmicro1969
          18794912
          81c3c907-28ca-4d62-84fa-e85de6946e21
          History

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