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      Suppressed Activities of Cathepsins and Metalloproteinases in the Chronic Model of Puromycin Aminonucleoside Nephrosis

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          Abstract

          Glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis are the hallmarks of chronic renal diseases. In the present study, we have investigated the potential involvement of various proteinases in these alterations in the model of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephrosis. Two groups of male Wistar rats were given either three or seven injections of PAN (2.0 mg/100 g body weight) over a 4– and 12–week period, respectively. The two control groups received saline injections. Activities of cathepsins (B, H and L) were determined in isolated glomeruli and proximal tubules. Moreover, collagenaselike and gelatinaselike activities were analyzed in isolated glomeruli. Three weeks after weekly PAN injection, the rats developed heavy proteinuria (140.8±22.0 vs. 13.5±3.29 mg/day; p<0.001), and at week 11 protein excretion reached 606.6±23.00 vs. 22.8±1.5 mg/day. Renal morphology revealed minimal glomerular mesangial changes at the 4th week after PAN administration. At the 12th week a marked mesangial matrix accumulation as well as severe tubulointerstitial infiltration and fibrosis associated with tubular dilation and atrophy were observed. Glomerular cathepsins B, H, and L and gelatinaselike activities decreased at the 4th week after the first PAN injection and remained at this low level throughout the entire study period. Glomerular collagenaselike activity decreased at the 4th week (p<0.05) and was still mildly lower than that of the control group at the 12th week, but without significance. In the isolated proximal tubules, the activities of cathepsins B, H, and L showed the same pattern of decreases as those found in the glomeruli over the whole experimental period. Taken together, our data in the model of chronic PAN nephrosis suggest that the suppressed activities of cathepsins as well as the decreased gelatinase– and collagenaselike activities participate in the accumulation of extracellular matrix and thereby may contribute to the development of glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis.

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          Messenger RNA Expression for Growth Factors in Glomeruli from Focal Glomerular Sclerosis

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            KBR
            Kidney Blood Press Res
            10.1159/issn.1420-4096
            Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
            S. Karger AG
            1420-4096
            1423-0143
            1999
            1999
            25 June 1999
            : 22
            : 3
            : 121-127
            Affiliations
            aFaculty of Medicine, University of Würzburg, and bDepartment of Internal Medicine, University of Münster, Germany; cTransplantation Institute, University of Warsaw, Poland; dInstitute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia
            Article
            25917 Kidney Blood Press Res 1999;22:121–127
            10.1159/000025917
            10394110
            © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 38, Pages: 7
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/25917
            Categories
            Original Paper

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