29 December 2006
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, Mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, Angiotensin II receptor blocker, Mesangial cell proliferation, Transforming growth factor-β, Connective tissue growth factor
Background: Previously we observed that the coagulation system promotes matrix protein accumulation through transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression in rat mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to suppress matrix accumulation in experimental MsPGN. In the present study, we investigated whether ARB suppresses MsPGN through inhibition of these profibrotic cytokines, and in relation to coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. Methods: MsPGN was induced in Wistar rats by intravenous injection of anti-Thy-1.1 monoclonal antibody, OX-7. As an ARB, olmesartan was orally administered in rat feed from the day of OX-7 injection (day 0) to day 8, when rats were sacrificed and kidney specimens were collected. The degrees of cellular proliferation, matrix production, coagulation factors, and inhibitory factor of fibrinolysis were evaluated. Results: Although blood pressure did not change in the normal, disease control, or treatment groups, the amount of urinary protein was significantly decreased in the ARB-treated groups, compared with the disease control group (p < 0.05). α-Smooth muscle actin expression was suppressed significantly in the treatment groups (p < 0.001). Blue-staining areas of trichrome, the number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)- or ED-1-positive cells, fibronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 in glomeruli significantly decreased in the treatment groups (p < 0.05, respectively); however, fibrin-related antigen and factor V depositions were not suppressed in the treatment groups. Conclusions: These results suggest that the ARB drug would ameliorate MsPGN in vivo, at least partly through CTGF and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 suppression, and independently of the local coagulation system in glomeruli.