Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found
Is Open Access

Variational principles in models of behavioral sciences

Preprint

Read this article at

Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      This paper develops some mathematical models arising in behavioral sciences, particularly in psychology, which are formalized via general preferences with variable ordering structures. Our considerations are based on the recent variational rationality approach that unifies numerous theories in different branches of behavioral sciences by using, in particular, worthwhile change and stay dynamics and variational traps. In the mathematical framework of this approach, we derive a new variational principle, which can be viewed as an extension of the Ekeland variational principle to the case of set-valued mappings on quasi metric spaces with cone-valued ordering variable structures. Such a general setting is proved to be appropriate for broad applications to the functioning of goal systems in psychology, which are developed in the paper. In this way we give a certain answer to the following striking question in the world, where all things change (preferences, motivations, resistances, etc.), where goal systems drive a lot of entwined course pursuits between means and ends what can stay fixed for a while The obtained mathematical results and new insights open the door to developing powerful models of adaptive behavior, which strongly depart from pure static general equilibrium models of the Walrasian type that are typical in economics.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 10

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model

       A Tversky,  D Kahneman (1991)
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: not found
        • Article: not found

        Mental accounting matters

          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          A new look at habits and the habit-goal interface.

          The present model outlines the mechanisms underlying habitual control of responding and the ways in which habits interface with goals. Habits emerge from the gradual learning of associations between responses and the features of performance contexts that have historically covaried with them (e.g., physical settings, preceding actions). Once a habit is formed, perception of contexts triggers the associated response without a mediating goal. Nonetheless, habits interface with goals. Constraining this interface, habit associations accrue slowly and do not shift appreciably with current goal states or infrequent counterhabitual responses. Given these constraints, goals can (a) direct habits by motivating repetition that leads to habit formation and by promoting exposure to cues that trigger habits, (b) be inferred from habits, and (c) interact with habits in ways that preserve the learned habit associations. Finally, the authors outline the implications of the model for habit change, especially for the self-regulation of habit cuing. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            23 November 2013
            1311.6017

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

            Custom metadata
            49J53, 90C29, 93J99
            math.OC

            Comments

            Comment on this article