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      Antacids may increase the appearance of white opaque substance in Helicobacter pylori -eradicated gastric epithelial neoplasia

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          Abstract

          Background and study aims  White opaque substance (WOS) in gastric epithelial neoplasia is helpful for qualitative diagnosis of neoplasia. We hypothesized that WOS of neoplasia is strongly influenced by acid recovery after Helicobacter pylori eradication, similar to that of gastric intestinal metaplasia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether antacids increase the appearance of the WOS in H. pylori -eradicated neoplasia.

          Patients and methods  A total of 38 gastric epithelial neoplasias (12 adenomas and 26 adenocarcinomas) detected after H. pylori eradication were retrospectively evaluated. Presence or absence of WOS was evaluated by magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging before and after antacid administration. The pH of collected gastric juice was also measured. Study endpoints were (1) prevalence of WOS in the neoplasia before and after antacid administration, and the histological difference (adenoma and adenocarcinoma); and (2) relationship between the prevalence of WOS and gastric juice pH.

          Results  WOS prevalence increased from 0 % (0/38) to 44.8% (17/38) after antacid administration. WOS prevalence in adenomas was more significantly increased compared to that in adenocarcinomas (83.3 % vs 26.9 %, P  = 0.0077). Prevalence of WOS in gastric neoplasias was only observed at neutral levels of gastric juice pH, and WOS was not observed at strong acidic levels.

          Conclusions  Antacid administration may increase the appearance of WOS in gastric epithelial neoplasia (especially adenomas) detected after H. pylori eradication with acid recovery.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Acid-inhibitory effects of vonoprazan 20 mg compared with esomeprazole 20 mg or rabeprazole 10 mg in healthy adult male subjects--a randomised open-label cross-over study.

          Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used for the treatment of acid-related diseases. Vonoprazan is a member of a new class of acid suppressants; potassium-competitive acid blockers. Vonoprazan may thus be an alternative to PPIs.
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            1-[5-(2-Fluorophenyl)-1-(pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-methylmethanamine monofumarate (TAK-438), a novel and potent potassium-competitive acid blocker for the treatment of acid-related diseases.

            Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used in the treatment of acid-related diseases. However, several unmet medical needs, such as suppression of night-time acid secretion and rapid symptom relief, remain. In this study, we investigated the pharmacological effects of 1-[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-(pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-methylmethanamine monofumarate (TAK-438), a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB), on gastric acid secretion in comparison with lansoprazole, a typical PPI, and SCH28080 [3-(cyanomethyl)-2-methyl,8-(phenylmethoxy)imidazo(1,2-a)pyridine], a prototype of P-CAB. TAK-438, SCH28080, and lansoprazole inhibited H(+),K(+)-ATPase activity in porcine gastric microsomes with IC(50) values of 0.019, 0.14, and 7.6 μM, respectively, at pH 6.5. The inhibitory activity of TAK-438 was unaffected by ambient pH, whereas the inhibitory activities of SCH28080 and lansoprazole were weaker at pH 7.5. The inhibition by TAK-438 and SCH28080 was reversible and achieved in a K(+)-competitive manner, quite different from that by lansoprazole. TAK-438, at a dose of 4 mg/kg (as the free base) orally, completely inhibited basal and 2-deoxy-d-glucose-stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats, and its effect on both was stronger than that of lansoprazole. TAK-438 increased the pH of gastric perfusate to a higher value than did lansoprazole or SCH28080, and the effect of TAK-438 was sustained longer than that of lansoprazole or SCH28080. These results indicate that TAK-438 exerts a more potent and longer-lasting inhibitory action on gastric acid secretion than either lansoprazole or SCH28080. TAK-438 is a novel antisecretory drug that may provide a new option for the patients with acid-related disease that is refractory to, or inadequately controlled by, treatment with PPIs.
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              Morphological changes in human gastric tumours after eradication therapy of Helicobacter pylori in a short-term follow-up.

              It is controversial as to whether the development of gastric cancer is influenced by Helicobacter pylori eradication. If eradication itself influences the tumour morphology, this may affect the tumour discovery rate.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Endosc Int Open
                Endosc Int Open
                10.1055/s-00025476
                Endoscopy International Open
                © Georg Thieme Verlag KG (Stuttgart · New York )
                2364-3722
                2196-9736
                September 2019
                29 August 2019
                : 7
                : 9
                : E1144-E1149
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Gastroenterology, Oita Red Cross Hospital, Oita, Japan
                [2 ]Department of Pathology, Oita Red Cross Hospital, Oita, Japan
                [3 ]Department of Endoscopy, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan
                [4 ]Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Oita, Japan
                Author notes
                Corresponding author Tetsuya Ueo, MD, PhD Department of Gastroenterology Oita Red Cross Hospital Chiyo-machi, Oita 870-0033Japan+81-97-533-1207 ueo14@ 123456athena.ocn.ne.jp
                Article
                10.1055/a-0961-7916
                6715435

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License, which permits unrestricted reproduction and distribution, for non-commercial purposes only; and use and reproduction, but not distribution, of adapted material for non-commercial purposes only, provided the original work is properly cited.

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