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      Structural Changes in the Renal Proximal Tubular Cells Induced by lodinated Contrast Media

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          Abstract

          The renal morphologic changes induced by intravenously injected contrast media (CMs) were studied in 40 Wistar rats which had been deprived of water 24 h before the CM injection. In the first part of the investigation, the kidneys were fixed by perfusion for light and electron microscopy 2 h after injection of 3 g iodine/kg of iopamidol, iobitridol or iohexol. Control animals received physiologic saline. In the second part of the study, the fixation was performed 48 h after the injection of the corresponding dose of iobitridol or iohexol. The structural changes were semiquantitatively evaluated by two independent observers unaware of the agent injected. The lysosomes of the proximal convoluted tubular cells showed moderate changes 2 h after the iopamidol injection. Iobitridol and iohexol induced prominent lysosomal alterations with signs of cytoplasmic injury. After 48 h, the changes induced by iobitridol had almost disappeared, whereas the iohexol group still showed a statistically significant vacuolization. Although the general physicochemical properties of iobitridol and iohexol appear similar in vitro, the different lysosomal alteration might reflect differences in their characteristics in vivo.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          23 December 2008
          : 76
          : 1
          : 96-102
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Diagnostic Radiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, and bInstitute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Helsinki, Finland
          Article
          190147 Nephron 1997;76:96–102
          10.1159/000190147
          9171307
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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