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      17β-estradiol at a physiological dose acutely increases dopamine turnover in rat brain

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      European Journal of Pharmacology

      Elsevier BV

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          Most cited references 18

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          The control of progesterone secretion during the estrous cycle and early pseudopregnancy in the rat: prolactin, gonadotropin and steroid levels associated with rescue of the corpus luteum of pseudopregnancy.

          The hormonal factors associated with converting a corpus luteum of estrous cycle into a corpus luteum of pseudopregnancy were studied by measuring LH and FSH prolactin, estradiol and progesterone levels in decapitated rats during the 4-day estrous cycle and a comparable time of pseudopregnancy (lights on 0600-0800 hr.). During the estrous cycle, prolactin, LH and FSH remained low and unchanging except on the afternoon of proestrus, when typical proestrous surges were observed. In contrast, estradiol levels began to increase on D-1, from baseline values of 7 pg/ml to approximately 15-20 pg/ml. These levels were maintained until the afternoon of D-2 when estradiol further increased to reach peak levels of 40-50 pg/ml by 0900 hr on proestrus. Estradiol then declined in relation to the increase in LH secreation and had returned to baseline by estrus. Progesterone secretion by the corpora lutea of the cycle also increased on the afternoon of D-1 and reached a maximum value of 25-30 ng/ml early on the morning of D-2. At this time, a precipitious fall in progesterone occurred, returning to baseline values of 5-1- ng/ml by 0700 on D-2 signifying the regression of the corpora lutea of the cycle. Progesterone remained low thereafter until the afternoon of proestrus when levels increased in response to the proestrus when levels increased in response to the proestrous surge of LH. Following cervical stimulation at 1900 hr on proestrus, no differences were noted, with respect to the estrous cycle, in LH, FSH or estradiol secreation through the afternoon of D-2. Surprisingly, progesterone levels did not differ in the cycle and pseudopregnancy until the early morning of D-29 instead of progesterone levels falling to baseline as they had during the cycle, the corpora lutea of pseudopregnancy were rescused, progesterone increasing dramatically to reach levels of 45-50 ng/ml by 1700 hr on that same day. The only difference in hormone secretion that was noted which could account for this marked divergence in progesterone secretion was the pattern of prolactin secretion following cervical stimulation. In contrast to the low levels seen during the estrous cycle, biphasio surges of prolactin secretion occured each day, one being nocturnal (0100-0900 hr) and the other diurnal (1500-2100 hr). The rescue of the corpus luteum occured in association with the nocturnal surge on D-2. These results suggest that nocturnal surge on D-2, PROLACTIN IS THE MAJOR Luteotropic stimulus which transforms and estrous cycle into pseudopregnancy by prolonging progesterone secretion from the corpus luteum. Moreover, if LH is important for progesterone secretion, no changes were observed in the pattern of LH secretion which can account for the rescue of the corpus luteum.
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            ŒSTROGENS AND EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SYSTEM

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              Striatal dopamine release stimulated by amphetamine or potassium: influence of ovarian hormones and the light-dark cycle.

              The release of endogenous dopamine (DA) from rat striatal tissue was studied in an in vitro superfusion system following hormonal manipulations in vivo. Progesterone treatment in estrogen-primed ovariectomized female rats potentiated DA release stimulated either by amphetamine or potassium (K+). In addition, the amount of striatal DA released in response to K+-stimulation was influenced by the light-dark cycle. We conclude that striatal DA release is modulated by ovarian hormones, and suggest that ovarian hormone modulation of presynaptic striatal DA activity may contribute to well-known estrous cycle dependent variations in some non-reproductive behaviors.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                European Journal of Pharmacology
                European Journal of Pharmacology
                Elsevier BV
                00142999
                November 1985
                November 1985
                : 117
                : 2
                : 197-203
                Article
                10.1016/0014-2999(85)90604-1
                © 1985

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