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      Pharmacological Evaluation of a New Timolol/Pilocarpine Formulation

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          Abstract

          A new formulation (HYA) based on timolol hyaluronate and pilocarpine hyaluronate salts has been shown to improve the bioavailability of the drugs and to extend the duration of their action. Extent of the intraocular pressure lowering effect, duration of action and aqueous bioavailability of timolol and pilocarpine of HYA were compared with a commercial preparation. Ocular hypertension in the rabbit was induced by α-chymotrypsin or by water loading. The hypotensive effect of HYA treatment was significantly greater and longer than that observed in rabbit eyes treated with the commercial preparation both in the normotensive and in the hypertensive animals. Furthermore, we evaluated the miotic response; due to pilocarpine, normotensive rabbits showed a greater miotic response and an extended duration when the eyes were treated with HYA. The new formulation increased the aqueous availability of timolol and pilocarpine compared to the commercial preparation as determined by HPLC. The pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles of HYA indicate an increase in efficacy and duration of action along with an increase in bioavailability of timolol and pilocarpine in comparison with the commercial preparation.

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          High-performance Chromatographic determination of pilocarpine and pilocarpic acid in ocular tissues

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ORE
            Ophthalmic Res
            10.1159/issn.0030-3747
            Ophthalmic Research
            S. Karger AG
            0030-3747
            1423-0259
            1998
            April 1998
            20 February 1998
            : 30
            : 2
            : 101-106
            Affiliations
            Fidia Oftal Research Laboratories, Catania, Italy
            Article
            55461 Ophthalmic Res 1998;30:101–106
            10.1159/000055461
            9523288
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 5, References: 15, Pages: 6
            Categories
            Original Paper

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