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      Expression cloning of a functional glycoprotein ligand for P-selectin

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          Abstract

          The initial adhesive interactions between circulating leukocytes and endothelia are mediated, in part, by P-selectin. We now report the expression cloning of a functional ligand for P-selectin from an HL-60 cDNA library. The predicted amino acid sequence reveals a novel mucin-like transmembrane protein. Significant binding of transfected COS cells to P-selectin requires coexpression of both the protein ligand and a fucosyltransferase. This binding is calcium dependent and can be inhibited by a neutralizing monoclonal antibody to P-selectin. Cotransfected COS cells express the ligand as a homodimer of 220 kd. A soluble ligand construct, when coexpressed with fucosyltransferase in COS cells, also mediates P-selectin binding and is immunocrossreactive with the major HL-60 glycoprotein that specifically binds P-selectin.

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          Most cited references 23

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          A comprehensive set of sequence analysis programs for the VAX.

          The University of Wisconsin Genetics Computer Group (UWGCG) has been organized to develop computational tools for the analysis and publication of biological sequence data. A group of programs that will interact with each other has been developed for the Digital Equipment Corporation VAX computer using the VMS operating system. The programs available and the conditions for transfer are described.
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            A cloned human cDNA determines expression of a mouse stage-specific embryonic antigen and the Lewis blood group alpha(1,3/1,4)fucosyltransferase.

            The stage-specific embryonic antigen SSEA-1 is a cell-surface oligosaccharide molecule expressed with temporal precision during the murine preimplantation period and implicated in adhesive events involving the process of compaction. We used a mammalian transient expression system to isolate a cloned human cDNA that determines expression of the SSEA-1 molecule. The cDNA sequence predicts a type II transmembrane protein with a domain structure similar to mammalian glycosyltransferases, but without primary sequence similarity to these enzymes. The carboxy-terminal domain of this protein was shown to be catalytically active as a fucosyltransferase when expressed in COS-1 cells as a portion of a secreted protein A fusion peptide. The enzyme is an exceptional glycosyltransferase in that it can use both type I and type II oligosaccharides as acceptor substrates to generate subterminal Fuc alpha(1,4)- and Fuc alpha(1,3)-linkages, respectively, in a manner analogous to the human Lewis blood group fucosyltransferase. Southern blot analysis shows that the cDNA corresponds to sequences syntenic to the Lewis locus on chromosome 19. These results indicate that this cDNA is the product of the human Lewis blood group locus, provide genetic confirmation of the hypothesis that this enzyme can catalyze two distinct transglycosylation reactions, and outline an approach to the isolation of other sequences that determine expression of developmentally regulated oligosaccharide antigens.
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              Leukocyte accumulation promoting fibrin deposition is mediated in vivo by P-selectin on adherent platelets.

              The glycoprotein P-selectin is a cell adhesion molecule of stimulated platelets and endothelial cells, which mediates the interaction of these cells with neutrophils and monocytes. It is a membrane component of cell storage granules, and is a member of the selectin family which includes E-selectin and L-selectin. P-selectin recognizes both lineage-specific carbohydrate ligands on monocytes and neutrophils, including the Lewis x antigen, sialic acid, and a protein component. In inflammation and thrombosis, P-selectin may mediate the interaction of leukocytes with platelets bound in the region of tissue injury and with stimulated endothelium. To evaluate the role of P-selectin in platelet-leukocyte adhesion in vivo, the accumulation of leukocytes within an experimental thrombus was explored in an arteriovenous shunt model in baboons. A Dacron graft implanted within an arteriovenous shunt is thrombogenic, accumulating platelets and fibrin within its lumen. These bound platelets express P-selectin. Here we show that antibody inhibition of leukocyte binding to P-selectin expressed on platelets immobilized on the graft blocks leukocyte accumulation and inhibits the deposition of fibrin within the thrombus. These results indicate that P-selectin is an important adhesion molecule on platelets, mediating platelet-leukocyte binding in vivo, that the presence of leukocytes in thrombi is mediated by P-selectin, and that these leukocytes promote fibrin deposition.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Cell
                Cell
                Elsevier BV
                00928674
                December 1993
                December 1993
                : 75
                : 6
                : 1179-1186
                Article
                10.1016/0092-8674(93)90327-M
                7505206
                © 1993

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