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      Vitamin-D Receptor Genotype and Renal Disorder in Japanese Patients with Systemic Lupus erythematosus

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          Background/Aims: It is known that allelic variants of the gene encoding the vitamin-D receptor (VDR) detected by BsmI increase the risk of some advanced malignant tumors, suggesting that such variants may cause functional differences in 1,25(OH)<sub>2</sub> vitamin D<sub>3</sub>. We examined the VDR genes of Japanese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, to determine whether different genotypes are correlated with SLE or its criteria. Methods: VDR genotyping of 58 unrelated Japanese SLE patients was performed based on polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Following amplification, products were digested with BsmI. The RFLPs were coded as Bb, where the uppercase letter signifies the absence of the digested site and the lowercase letter signifies the presence of the site. Results: The frequency of the VDR BB genotype was significantly higher in SLE patients (15.5%, n = 9/58, p < 0.0001) than in controls (5.7%, n = 5/87). Furthermore, a larger proportion of bb individuals was observed among patients with nephrotic syndrome (61.5%, n = 8/13) than among SLE patients without renal dysfunction (35.7%, n = 10/28). There was a significant tendency for the population of patients with the bb genotype to be correlated with that of patients with renal dysfunction (p = 0.0304). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the BB genotype might trigger the development of SLE, and that the bb genotype is associated with lupus nephritis.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Gene regulation by steroid hormones.

           Miguel Beato (1989)
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            Retinoid X receptor interacts with nuclear receptors in retinoic acid, thyroid hormone and vitamin D3 signalling.

            Cellular responsiveness to retinoic acid and its metabolites is conferred through two structurally and pharmacologically distinct families of receptors: the retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and the retinoid X receptors (RXR). Here we report that the transcriptional activity of RAR and RXR can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins. RAR and RXR have a high degree of cooperativity in binding to target DNA, consistent with previous reports indicating that the binding of either RAR or RXR to their cognate response elements is enhanced by factors present in nuclear extracts. RXR also interacts directly with and enhances the binding of nuclear receptors conferring responsiveness to vitamin D3 and thyroid hormone T3; the DNA-binding activities of these receptors are also stimulated by the presence of nuclear extracts. Together these data indicate that RXR has a central role in multiple hormonal signalling pathways.
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              Vitamin D-receptor gene polymorphisms and bone density in prepubertal American girls of Mexican descent.

              Bone mass is under strong genetic control, and recent studies in adults have suggested that allelic differences in the gene for the vitamin D receptor may account for inherited variability in bone mass. We studied the relations of the vitamin D-receptor genotype to skeletal development and variation in the size, volume, and density of bone in children. We identified three allelic variants of the vitamin D-receptor gene using the polymerase chain reaction and three restriction enzymes (ApaI, BsmI, and TaqI) in 100 normal prepubertal American girls of Mexican descent. We then determined the relations of the different vitamin D-receptor genotypes (AA, Aa, aa, BB, Bb, bb, TT, Tt, and tt) to the cross-sectional area, cortical area, and cortical bone density of the femoral shaft and the cross-sectional area and density of the lumbar vertebrae. The vitamin D-receptor genotype was associated with femoral and vertebral bone density. Girls with aa and bb genotypes had 2 to 3 percent higher femoral bone density (P=0.008 and P=0.04, respectively) and 8 to 10 percent higher vertebral bone density (P=0.01 and P=0.03, respectively) than girls with AA and BB genotypes. There was no association between the cross-sectional area of the vertebrae or the cross-sectional or cortical area of the femur and the vitamin D-receptor genotype. The chronologic age, bone age, height, weight, body-surface area, and body-mass index did not differ significantly among girls with different vitamin D-receptor genotypes. Vitamin D-receptor gene alleles predict the density of femoral and vertebral bone in prepubertal American girls of Mexican descent.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                May 2000
                21 April 2000
                : 85
                : 1
                : 86-91
                aFirst Department of Internal Medicine and bDivision of Blood Transfusion, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi City, Japan
                45635 Nephron 2000;85:86–91
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 31, Pages: 6
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