Click chemistry provides extremely selective and orthogonal reactions that proceed with high efficiency and under a variety of mild conditions, the most common example being the copper(I)-catalyzed reaction of azides with alkynes1,2. While the versatility of click reactions has been broadly exploited3–5, a major limitation is the intrinsic toxicity of the synthetic schemes and the inability to translate these approaches to biological applications. This manuscript introduces a robust synthetic strategy where macromolecular precursors react via a copper-free click chemistry6, allowing for the direct encapsulation of cells within click hydrogels for the first time. Subsequently, an orthogonal thiol-ene photocoupling chemistry is introduced that enables patterning of biological functionalities within the gel in real-time and with micron-scale resolution. This material system allows one to tailor independently the biophysical and biochemical properties of the cell culture microenvironments in situ. This synthetic approach uniquely allows for the direct fabrication of biologically functionalized gels with ideal structures that can be photopatterned and all in the presence of cells.