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      Geographic Factors and Plasma Selenium in Uremia and Dialysis

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          Abstract

          The importance of selenium (Se) as an essential trace element for man has been increasingly recognized. Blood Se levels in chronic uremic patients are frequently reported to be lower than in controls. Definitive determination of the Se status in uremic patients, however, is hampered by the wide range of blood Se content in humans from different parts of the world. The present study was designed to assess and compare the Se status in two European populations from Rostock (Germany) and Chieti (Italy). Plasma Se levels were evaluated in healthy controls, chronic renal failure nondialyzed patients (CRF) and hemodialysis patients (HD). All Se determinations were performed in a single laboratory. The Se concentration was significantly higher (p < 0.005) in Italian healthy controls than in German healthy controls. In contrast, Se levels were similar in both CRF and HD patients from both cities. In both countries, the Se concentration in CRF and HD patients was significantly lower (p < 0.001) than in their corresponding controls, but no difference between CRF and HD was found. CRF and HD patients from the two countries showed quite similar laboratory and anthropometric data. In CRF patients in Chieti, a significant (p < 0.05) negative correlation between plasma Se and serum creatinine was found. In both HD groups, the length of time on HD and type of membrane dialyzer used did not influence the Se status. A significant positive correlation (p < 0.01) between Se levels and the protein catabolic rate was found in both HD groups. Uremia seems to be a strong factor which overrules the difference in Se levels that is present in healthy adults from different European countries. Uremia in itself may influence and level the Se concentration in patients with geographic diversity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          18 December 2008
          : 72
          : 2
          : 197-204
          Affiliations
          aInstitute of Nephrology, University of Chieti, Italy; bInstitute of Pathology, University of Rostock, Germany; cHealth and Prevention Laboratory, Chieti, Italy; dInstitute of Chemistry and Pathobiochemistry, University of Rostock, Germany; eDepartment of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, 111., USA, and fInternational Faculty for Artificial Organs, Bologna, Italy
          Article
          188842 Nephron 1996;72:197–204
          10.1159/000188842
          8684527
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Uremia, Trace element, Selenium, Dialysis

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