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      Increased Incidence of Tuberculosis in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Dialysis, Tuberculosis

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          Abstract

          Tuberculosis was diagnosed in 26 patients (6 females and 20 males) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, with an incidence of 23.6%. Infection was characterized clinically by a very insidious onset, the main symptoms being anorexia, loss of weight and low-grade fever, a very high sedimentation rate and lymphocytes predominant in the peripheral circulation, pleural and peritoneal fluids. Pulmonary tuberculosis was seen in 18 patients (70%), 10 of whom presented with pleural effusions. There were extrapulmonary presentations in 8 of the 26 patients (30%). Most of the patients developed the disease about 1 year from the start of their dialysis treatment. With early therapy all patients survived their tuberculosis disease and no recurrence was seen in up to 5 years of follow-up. Despite earlier reports of high mortality, we suggest that awareness of the increased incidence of tuberculosis in dialysis patients, together with its unusual presentation and consequent early diagnosis, results in a very good prognosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          19 December 2008
          : 73
          : 3
          : 421-424
          Article
          189104 Nephron 1996;73:421–424
          10.1159/000189104
          8832601
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Tuberculosis, Dialysis

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