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      A comparative assessment of the accuracy of electronic apex locator (Root ZX) in the presence of commonly used irrigating solutions

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          Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of Root ZX in determining working length in presence of normal saline, 0.2% chlorhexidine and 2.5% of sodium hypochlorite. Material and Methods: Sixty extracted, single rooted, single canal human teeth were used. Teeth were decoronated at CEJ and actual canal length determined. Then working length measurements were obtained with Root ZX in presence of normal saline 0.9%, 0.2% chlorhexidine and 2.5% NaOCl. The working length obtained with Root ZX were compared with actual canal length and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: No statistical significant difference was found between actual canal length and Root ZX measurements in presence of normal saline and 0.2% chlorhexidine. Highly statistical difference was found between actual canal length and Root ZX measurements in presence of 2.5% of NaOCl, however all the measurements were within the clinically acceptable range of ±0.5mm. Conclusion: The accuracy of EL measurement of Root ZX within±0.5 mm of AL was consistently high in the presence of 0.2% chlorhexidine, normal saline and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. Clinical significance: This study signifies the efficacy of ROOT ZX (Third generation apex locator) as a dependable aid in endodontic working length.

          Key words:Electronic apex locator, working length, root ZX accuracy, intracanal irrigating solutions.

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          Most cited references 48

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          Apical limit of root canal instrumentation and obturation, part 2. A histological study.

          The results of an in vivo histological study involving apical and periapical tissues following root canal therapy after different observation periods demonstrated the most favourable histological conditions when the instrumentation and obturation remained at or short of the apical constriction. This was the case in the presence of vital or necrotic pulps, also when bacteria had penetrated the foramen and were present in the periapical tissues. When the sealer and/or the gutta-percha was extruded into the periapical tissue, the lateral canals and the apical ramifications, there was always a severe inflammatory reaction including a foreign body reaction despite a clinical absence of pain.
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            In vitro assessment of the antimicrobial action and the mechanical ability of chlorhexidine gel as an endodontic irrigant.

            The objective of this study was to assess the chlorhexidine gluconate gel as an endodontic irrigant. First the ability of chlorhexidine gel to disinfect root canals contaminated in vitro with Enterococcus faecalis was investigated. A scanning electron microscope was also used to evaluate its cleansing ability compared with endodontic irrigants commonly used, such as sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine gluconate liquid. The results indicated that the chlorhexidine gel produced a cleaner root canal surface and had an antimicrobial ability comparable with that obtained with the other solutions tested. It was concluded that chlorhexidine gluconate in gel form has potential for use as an endodontic irrigant.
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              Electronic apex locators.

              Prior to root canal treatment at least one undistorted radiograph is required to assess canal morphology. The apical extent of instrumentation and the final root filling have a role in treatment success, and are primarily determined radiographically. Electronic apex locators reduce the number of radiographs required and assist where radiographic methods create difficulty. They may also indicate cases where the apical foramen is some distance from the radiographic apex. Other roles include the detection of root canal perforation. A review of the literature focussed first on the subject of electronic apex location. A second review used the names of apex location devices. From the combined searches, 113 pertinent articles in English were found. This paper reviews the development, action, use and types of electronic apex locators.

                Author and article information

                J Clin Exp Dent
                J Clin Exp Dent
                Medicina Oral S.L.
                Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
                Medicina Oral S.L.
                1 February 2014
                February 2014
                : 6
                : 1
                : e41-e46
                [1 ]Assistant Professor of Endodontics and Co Ordinator Dental Clinics, RAK College of Dental Scineces, Ras al Khaimah, UAE
                [2 ]Junior Instructor, RAK College of Dental Sciences, Ras al Khaimah, UAE
                [3 ]Intern dentist, RAK College of Dental Sciences, Ras al Khaimah, UAE
                Author notes
                RAK College of Dental Sciences P.O Box Number 12973 Ras Al Khaimah United Arab Emirates , E-mail: khattakosama@ 123456gmail.com

                Conflict of interest statement: The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exist.

                Copyright: © 2014 Medicina Oral S.L.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                New technologies in Dentistry


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