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      Good Quantum Error-Correcting Codes Exist

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          Abstract

          A quantum error-correcting code is defined to be a unitary mapping (encoding) of k qubits (2-state quantum systems) into a subspace of the quantum state space of n qubits such that if any t of the qubits undergo arbitrary decoherence, not necessarily independently, the resulting n qubits can be used to faithfully reconstruct the original quantum state of the k encoded qubits. Quantum error-correcting codes are shown to exist with asymptotic rate k/n = 1 - 2H(2t/n) where H(p) is the binary entropy function -p log p - (1-p) log (1-p). Upper bounds on this asymptotic rate are given.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions.

          (1995)
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            Scheme for reducing decoherence in quantum computer memory.

             Sarit Shor,  Erez Shor (1995)
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              Error Correcting Codes in Quantum Theory.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                1995-12-30
                1996-04-16
                Article
                10.1103/PhysRevA.54.1098
                quant-ph/9512032
                Custom metadata
                Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 1098-1106, 1996
                Latex, 23 pages, 1 figure. Revised April 1996 to give more intuition and an example. Submitted to Phys. Rev. A
                quant-ph

                Quantum physics & Field theory

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