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      Cerebral Hemodynamic Changes following Treatment with Erythropoietin

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          Abstract

          Adverse hemorheologic effects induced by erythropoietin (EPO) treatment of renal anemia may pose a cerebrovascular risk. We therefore investigated the changes in cerebral perfusion, cerebral blood flow velocity (BFV) and neuropsychologic performance in 11 patients (mean age 37 years) receiving EPO. In response to EPO there was a significant (p < 0.01) increase in hematocrit (35%), hemoglobin (43%) and whole-blood viscosity (50% at high and 90% at low shear rate). The initially increased blood flow velocity dropped significantly (p < 0.05) and returned toward normal values in the middle cerebral arteries and the basilar artery (22 and 19% decrease, respectively). Global cerebral blood flow (CBF) decreased by 10% (not significant). The score of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale digit symbol test improved significantly (p < 0.01) after EPO treatment. None of the patients developed cerebrovascular symptoms or side effects. We conclude that the hematologic and rheologic changes following EPO treatment cause CBF and BFV to return toward normal and improve neuropsychologic performance in patients with end-stage renal disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1991
          1991
          11 December 2008
          : 58
          : 4
          : 407-412
          Affiliations
          Departments of Internal Medicine, and Neurology and Psychiatry, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Austria
          Article
          186471 Nephron 1991;58:407–412
          10.1159/000186471
          1922604
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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