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      Acute endothelial failure after cosmetic iris implants (NewIris ®)

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          Abstract

          We report a case of an acute endothelial failure after the implantation of a new cosmetic, colored, artificial iris diaphragm implant called NewIris ®. A 21-year-old woman came to us complaining of progressive loss of vision and pain after NewIris lenses had been implanted. Decreased visual acuity, corneal edema, and increased intraocular pressure in both eyes appeared only 3 weeks after the surgery. The lenses were removed as soon as possible but had already severely affected the endothelial cell count. NewIris implants are an alternative to cosmetic contact lenses, but they are not as safe as other phakic anterior chamber intraocular lenses, nor are they a good option for the patient.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Central corneal endothelial cell changes over a ten-year period.

          To obtain longitudinal data to estimate long-term morphometric changes in normal human corneal endothelia. Ten years after an initial study, the authors rephotographed the central corneal endothelium of 52 normal subjects with the same contact specular microscope. The findings for the 10 subjects younger than 18 years of age at the initial examination were considered separately. For the remaining 42 adult subjects, the time between examinations averaged 10.6 +/- 0.2 years (range, 10.1 to 11 years). At the recent examination, these subjects' ages averaged 59.5 +/- 16.8 years (range, 30 to 84 years). Outlines of 100 cells for each cornea were digitized. For the 42 adult subjects, the mean endothelial cell density decreased during the 10.6-year interval from 2715 +/- 301 cells/mm2 to 2539 +/- 284 cells/mm2 (P < 0.001). The calculated exponential cell loss rate over this interval was 0.6% +/- 0.5% per year. There was no statistically significant correlation between cell loss rate and age. During the 10.6-year interval, the coefficient of variation of cell area increased from 0.26 +/- 0.05 to 0.29 +/- 0.06 (P < 0.001), and the percentage of hexagonal cells decreased from 67% +/- 8% to 64% +/- 6% (P = 0.003). For the 10 subjects 5 to 15 years of age at the initial examination, the exponential cell loss rate was 1.1% +/- 0.8% per year. Human central endothelial cell density decreases at an average rate of approximately 0.6% per year in normal corneas throughout adult life, with gradual increases in polymegethism and pleomorphism.
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            Phakic intraocular lenses.

            An analytical review of the data available in the field of phakic intraocular lens implantation was conducted. Particular attention was paid to the more critical issues of intraocular lens sizing and safety guidelines. A comprehensive, competitive analysis of different implantation sites, intraocular lens model designs, and safety guidelines has been included. Specialized biometry techniques, such as very high frequency ultrasound and Scheimpflug imaging, have been reviewed, and a critical review of commercial claims regarding intraocular lens technologies has been included. Clinical studies of phakic intraocular lenses demonstrate increasing promise for the correction of refractive errors not amenable to mainstream excimer laser refractive surgery. The main issues currently revolve around adequate lens design (VHF ultrasound study suggests that custom-design and sizing may be the most effective and safest approach for every phakic IOL model), because these devices will be required to remain physiologically inert and anatomically compatible with internal ocular structures and relations for several decades. The possibility of safe removing or exchanging the IOL should remain a feasible option over time. It is of utmost importance that we continue to critically evaluate current encouraging short-term outcomes, which are being extrapolated to the longer term by ongoing high resolution imaging and monitoring of the anatomical and functional relations of implanted phakic IOLs.
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              Safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lenses for the correction of high myopia: anterior segment changes after posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation.

              To assess the safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (PCPIOL) implantation in patients with high myopia. Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Twenty eyes of 10 patients were included. Staar Collamer Implantable Contact Lens PCPIOLs were implanted for the correction of high myopia. Intra- and postoperative complications were recorded. Specular microscopy, lens fluorophotometry, laser flare-meter, and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed before surgery and at different stages of the follow-up period to evaluate endothelial cell density, crystalline lens transmittance, aqueous flare, and anatomic relations of the implanted lenses with the other structures of the anterior segment. There were no intraoperative complications. One patient experienced pupillary entrapment by the lens in the immediate postoperative period, which was resolved without incident. Pigmentary dispersion or cataracts did not appear during the postoperative period. All the lenses remained correctly centered, and no patient reported night halos or glare. Anterior chamber depth showed a statistically significant reduction, between 9% and 12%. Central endothelial density was significantly decreased after surgery. The percentages of cell loss after 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months were 4.41%, 4.83%, 5.17%, 5.46%, and 6.57%, respectively. Aqueous flare increased by 49.19% in the first postoperative month in relation to preoperative values. Afterward, it decreased and then remained above preoperative values for the entire follow-up period (33.76% at month 3, 27.81% at month 6, 27.65% at month 12, 23.39% at month 18, and 27.27% at month 24). Crystalline lens transmittance decreased by 0.72% at month 3, by 1.44% at month 6, by 1.95% at month 12, by 2.25% at month 18, and by 2.24% at month 24. Finally, by ultrasound biomicroscopy it was observed that the PCPIOL and the crystalline lens were in contact on the peripheral level in 12 patients (60%) and in the center in another three patients (15%) during at least one checkup. In all the patients, contact between the PCPIOL and the posterior iris surface could be observed. Posterior chamber phakic IOL implantation for the surgical correction of high myopia is a safe procedure with regard to immediate visual and refractive results. The short-term clinical benefit and lack of immediate surgical complications are impressive. However, the increase in flare, the endothelial cell loss, the decrease in crystalline lens transmittance, and the iris-PCPIOL and crystalline lens-PCPIOL contact are findings that suggest caution regarding the long-term safety of this lens implant.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clin Ophthalmol
                Clinical Ophthalmology
                Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)
                Dove Medical Press
                1177-5467
                1177-5483
                2011
                2011
                26 May 2011
                : 5
                : 721-723
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain;
                [2 ]Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Maria Garcia-Pous, C/Purisima 32, 46780 Oliva, Valencia, Spain, Tel +34 620981770, Email mgarciapous@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                opth-5-721
                10.2147/OPTH.S18569
                3116795
                21691579
                © 2011 Garcia-Pous et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.

                This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Case Report

                Ophthalmology & Optometry

                newiris, endothelial failure, cosmetic iris implants

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