28
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewaters: A Review

      1 , 1 , 2 , 1
      ChemBioEng Reviews
      Wiley

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Related collections

          Most cited references224

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          A review and recent developments in photocatalytic water-splitting using TiO2 for hydrogen production

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Decontamination and disinfection of water by solar photocatalysis: Recent overview and trends

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Reverse osmosis desalination: water sources, technology, and today's challenges.

              Reverse osmosis membrane technology has developed over the past 40 years to a 44% share in world desalting production capacity, and an 80% share in the total number of desalination plants installed worldwide. The use of membrane desalination has increased as materials have improved and costs have decreased. Today, reverse osmosis membranes are the leading technology for new desalination installations, and they are applied to a variety of salt water resources using tailored pretreatment and membrane system design. Two distinct branches of reverse osmosis desalination have emerged: seawater reverse osmosis and brackish water reverse osmosis. Differences between the two water sources, including foulants, salinity, waste brine (concentrate) disposal options, and plant location, have created significant differences in process development, implementation, and key technical problems. Pretreatment options are similar for both types of reverse osmosis and depend on the specific components of the water source. Both brackish water and seawater reverse osmosis (RO) will continue to be used worldwide; new technology in energy recovery and renewable energy, as well as innovative plant design, will allow greater use of desalination for inland and rural communities, while providing more affordable water for large coastal cities. A wide variety of research and general information on RO desalination is available; however, a direct comparison of seawater and brackish water RO systems is necessary to highlight similarities and differences in process development. This article brings to light key parameters of an RO process and process modifications due to feed water characteristics.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                ChemBioEng Reviews
                ChemBioEng Reviews
                Wiley
                21969744
                February 2017
                February 2017
                February 01 2017
                : 4
                : 1
                : 37-59
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Persian Gulf University; Department of Chemical Engineering; Faculty of Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Engineering; 7516913817 Bushehr Iran
                [2 ]Shahrood University of Technology; Department of Chemical Engineering; 3619995161 Shahrood Iran
                Article
                10.1002/cben.201600010
                37755211
                f0efa508-16fa-4129-a56a-c51946e04141
                © 2017

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions

                History

                Comments

                Comment on this article