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      Interleukin-8 and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Are Increased in Minimal Change Disease but Do Not Alter Albumin Permeability

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          Aims: Minimal change disease (MCD) is the most common primary nephrotic syndrome in children. Some suggested that interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) are involved in the pathogenesis of MCD. This study was done to see changes of plasma and urinary IL-8, TNF-α, and their effects on determination of permeability of glomerular basement membrane (BM) contributed by heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG). Methods: Study patients consisted of 19 biopsy-proven MCD children aged 2–15 years old. Both plasma, urinary IL-8 and TNF-α were measured. Employing the Millicell system, IL-8 and TNF-α were screened for the permeability factors. We examined whether IL-8 and TNF-α regulated BM HSPG gene expression and HS synthesis in the glomerular epithelial cells (GECs). Results: Urinary IL-8 during relapse was significantly increased when compared with that of during remission or controls (13,996 ± 2,811 vs. 2,941 ± 373, 5,331 ± 640 ng/mg·cr) (p < 0.05). Urinary TNF-α during relapse was also significantly increased (364.4 ± 51.2 vs. 155.3 ± 20.8, 36.0 ± 4.5 ng/mg·cr) (p < 0.05). Plasma IL-8 during relapse was significantly increased compared to that during remission(1.19 ± 0.62 vs. 0.51 ± 0.42 ng/ml) (p < 0.05). However, the negative results were obtained in the permeability assay using the Millicell system. No difference was seen in BM HSPG gene expression and HS synthesis in the GECs. Conclusion: Therefore, it seems that both IL-8 and TNF-α may not play a disease-specific role in the pathogenesis of MCD.

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Inhibition of actin filament depolymerization by the Dictyostelium 30,000-D actin-bundling protein

            We have studied the effect of the Dictyostelium discoideum 30,000-D actin-bundling protein on the assembly and disassembly of pyrenyl- labeled actin in vitro. The results indicate that the protein is a potent inhibitor of the rate of actin depolymerization. The inhibition is rapid, dose dependent, and is observed at both ends of the filament. There is little effect of 30-kD protein on the initial rate of elongation from F-actin seeds or on the spontaneous nucleation of actin polymerization. We could detect little or no effect on the critical concentration. The novel feature of these results is that the filament ends are free for assembly but are significantly impaired in disassembly with little change in the critical concentration at steady state. The effects appear to be largely independent of the cross- linking of actin filaments by the 30-kD protein. Actin cross-linking proteins may not only cross-link actin filaments, but may also differentially protect filaments in cells from disassembly and promote the formation of localized filament arrays with enhanced stability.

              Author and article information

              Am J Nephrol
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              August 2003
              31 July 2003
              : 23
              : 4
              : 260-266
              aDepartment of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University Hospital, and bBiomedical Research Institute, Taegu, South Korea
              72065 Am J Nephrol 2003;23:260–266
              © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 5, References: 45, Pages: 7
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              Original Article: Patient-Oriented, Translational Research


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