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      Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex

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      Trends in Cognitive Sciences

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Negative emotional stimuli activate a broad network of brain regions, including the medial prefrontal (mPFC) and anterior cingulate (ACC) cortices. An early influential view dichotomized these regions into dorsal-caudal cognitive and ventral-rostral affective subdivisions. In this review, we examine a wealth of recent research on negative emotions in animals and humans, using the example of fear or anxiety, and conclude that, contrary to the traditional dichotomy, both subdivisions make key contributions to emotional processing. Specifically, dorsal-caudal regions of the ACC and mPFC are involved in appraisal and expression of negative emotion, whereas ventral-rostral portions of the ACC and mPFC have a regulatory role with respect to limbic regions involved in generating emotional responses. Moreover, this new framework is broadly consistent with emerging data on other negative and positive emotions. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Trends in Cognitive Sciences
          Trends in Cognitive Sciences
          Elsevier BV
          13646613
          February 2011
          February 2011
          : 15
          : 2
          : 85-93
          Article
          10.1016/j.tics.2010.11.004
          3035157
          21167765
          © 2011

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